Vol 6 (2021): Continuous Publishing
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Published online: 2021-07-15

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Phthiriasis palpebrarum in a Spanish infant

Carlos Izquierdo-Rodriguez12, Maria Castro-Rebollo12, Yolanda Fernandez-Miguel12, Paula Moreno-Martin12, Jesus Zarallo-Gallardo12
Ophthalmol J 2021;6:69-71.


Background: Phthiriasis palpebrarum is an eyelid involvement secondary to an infestation of the eyelids by Phthirus pubis and has a low incidence.

Case presentation: A 7-year-old male child presented in the emergency room at Henares Hospital in Madrid (Spain) with a history of repeated episodes of itchiness, blepharitis, warmth sensation, and moderate discomfort of 2 months duration in both eyes. Slit-lamp examination revealed lice and nits at the roots of the eyelashes. Many treatments have been described for the treatment of phthiriasis pubis. In this case, mechanical removal and treatment with vaseline ointment were performed.

Conclusion: A careful slit-lamp examination to identify the nits and lice in the eyelashes and careful removal is necessary for the best evolution.

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