Vol 5 (2020): Continuous Publishing
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Published online: 2020-11-25

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Ocular penetrating injuries in children

Imane Chabbar1, Amina Berraho1
Ophthalmol J 2020;5:120-124.

Abstract

Background: Ocular penetrating injuries in children are common and potentially serious. They take on a special character because of the major risk of amblyopia that they generate in children. The objective of this work is to analyze the epidemiological and clinical aspects of these serious traumas and to study the functional prognosis in Moroccan children.

Material and methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 83 children between January 2016 and December 2019. The average age of children is 6.5 years, with 64 boys and 19 girls.

Results: The circumstances of penetrating eye injuries are accidental dominated by street games. Corneal wounds represented 67.5% associated with iris prolapse in 39 cases and hyphema in 34 cases. In 30.1% of cases, a post-traumatic cataract is associated, and a foreign body is detected in 6% of cases. Final visual acuity ≥ 5/10 is objectified in 30% of cases.

Results: This study highlights the importance of preventing these serious childhood traumas by implementing education and awareness-raising measures.

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