open access

Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
REVIEW
Published online: 2018-11-29
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How air pollution affects the eyes — a review

Paulina Łatka, Dominika Nowakowska, Katarzyna Nowomiejska, Robert Rejdak
DOI: 10.5603/OJ.2018.0032
·
Ophthalmol J 2018;3(2):58-62.

open access

Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
REVIEW
Published online: 2018-11-29

Abstract

The aim of this study is to present scientific reports concerning the influence of air pollution on eyes. Air pollution
is nowadays a common problem. The most significant pollutants are carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide
(NO2), ozone (O3), sulphur dioxide (SO2), particulate matters — PM10 and PM2.5. The main source of toxins in the
air are cars, burning of the fuels and burning of the charcoal in household stoves. Most attention is paid to negative
effects of air pollution on respiratory system, such as asthma and lung cancer, however, it is worth remembering that
influence on the eyes is equally important. Children are especially vulnerable to the harmful effects of air pollution.
Anterior segment of the eye is the most exposed. Substances, which are part of the smog have an irritating effect
on the surface of the eye, cause disturbances in the tear film and an inflammation. Medical conditions associated
with increased air pollution are mainly eye irritation, conjunctivitis, dry eye syndrome (DES), meibomian gland
dysfunction (MGB) and blepharitis.

Abstract

The aim of this study is to present scientific reports concerning the influence of air pollution on eyes. Air pollution
is nowadays a common problem. The most significant pollutants are carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide
(NO2), ozone (O3), sulphur dioxide (SO2), particulate matters — PM10 and PM2.5. The main source of toxins in the
air are cars, burning of the fuels and burning of the charcoal in household stoves. Most attention is paid to negative
effects of air pollution on respiratory system, such as asthma and lung cancer, however, it is worth remembering that
influence on the eyes is equally important. Children are especially vulnerable to the harmful effects of air pollution.
Anterior segment of the eye is the most exposed. Substances, which are part of the smog have an irritating effect
on the surface of the eye, cause disturbances in the tear film and an inflammation. Medical conditions associated
with increased air pollution are mainly eye irritation, conjunctivitis, dry eye syndrome (DES), meibomian gland
dysfunction (MGB) and blepharitis.

Get Citation

Keywords

ophthalmology; smog; air pollution; conjunctivitis

About this article
Title

How air pollution affects the eyes — a review

Journal

Ophthalmology Journal

Issue

Vol 3, No 2 (2018)

Pages

58-62

Published online

2018-11-29

DOI

10.5603/OJ.2018.0032

Bibliographic record

Ophthalmol J 2018;3(2):58-62.

Keywords

ophthalmology
smog
air pollution
conjunctivitis

Authors

Paulina Łatka
Dominika Nowakowska
Katarzyna Nowomiejska
Robert Rejdak

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