Vol 9 (2024): Continuous Publishing
Review paper
Published online: 2024-07-04

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The role of artificial intelligence in ophthalmology — brief review

Maria Myślicka1, Klaudia Włodarczyk1, Aleksandra Kawala-Sterniuk2, Dariusz Mikołajewski34, Emilia Mikołajewska5
Ophthalmol J 2024;9:106-113.

Abstract

Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly developing and supporting all areas of medical science and clinical practice. This review discusses the development and potential practical use of AI in the field of ophthalmology.

The aim of the study was to assess to what extent the opportunities offered by the introduction of artificial intelligence into ophthalmology have been exploited and what their developmental potential is, with a particular focus on clinical practice. The identified scientific gap lies in the very early stage of research into the application of AI in ophthalmology.

A comprehensive review of existing applications of AI in ophthalmology shows how AI is already or can be used to support ophthalmologists in preventing, diagnosing, predicting disease, planning and monitoring treatment, and then evaluating changes cyclically. Wider implementation of AI technology in ophthalmology could improve early lesion detection, reduce misdiagnosis and contribute to better overall patient care.

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