open access

Ahead of print
Review paper
Published online: 2021-06-08
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Sexuality of breast cancer patients

Milena Lachowicz, Joanna Kufel-Grabowska, Mikołaj Bartoszkiewicz, Rodryg Ramlau, Krzysztof Łukaszuk
DOI: 10.5603/NJO.a2021.0038

open access

Ahead of print
Review article
Published online: 2021-06-08

Abstract

Background Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women both in Poland and in the world. In terms of mortality it subsides with lung cancer. In 2018, almost 2 million new cases were reported worldwide, and less than 44 million women have been diagnosed with breast cancer in the last 5 years. Objective The aim of this paper is to present ways to improve sexual satisfaction of breast cancer patients. Methods The analysis of the literature by oncologists, gynecologists and psychologists was used for theoretical discussion. Results Sexuality is an extremely important part of every woman’s life, including those suffering from breast cancer. Breast surgery, a symbol of a woman’s sexuality, and the negative effects of cancer therapy alter a woman’s perception of her own body and lower her libido. Sexual rehabilitation, which should be based on multi-faceted activities, is an extremely important part of breast cancer therapy. Conclusion Therapeutic possibilities may be based on psychological and sexual therapies as well as pharmacological support (moisturizers, silicone lubricants, tampons for several minutes with 4% vaginal lidocaine before intercourse, topical gels with estrogens, ospemifen, DHEA, testosterone).

Abstract

Background Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women both in Poland and in the world. In terms of mortality it subsides with lung cancer. In 2018, almost 2 million new cases were reported worldwide, and less than 44 million women have been diagnosed with breast cancer in the last 5 years. Objective The aim of this paper is to present ways to improve sexual satisfaction of breast cancer patients. Methods The analysis of the literature by oncologists, gynecologists and psychologists was used for theoretical discussion. Results Sexuality is an extremely important part of every woman’s life, including those suffering from breast cancer. Breast surgery, a symbol of a woman’s sexuality, and the negative effects of cancer therapy alter a woman’s perception of her own body and lower her libido. Sexual rehabilitation, which should be based on multi-faceted activities, is an extremely important part of breast cancer therapy. Conclusion Therapeutic possibilities may be based on psychological and sexual therapies as well as pharmacological support (moisturizers, silicone lubricants, tampons for several minutes with 4% vaginal lidocaine before intercourse, topical gels with estrogens, ospemifen, DHEA, testosterone).

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Keywords

sexuality, breast cancer, sexual satisfaction, sexual rehabilitation, treatment, surgery

About this article
Title

Sexuality of breast cancer patients

Journal

Nowotwory. Journal of Oncology

Issue

Ahead of print

Article type

Review paper

Published online

2021-06-08

DOI

10.5603/NJO.a2021.0038

Keywords

sexuality
breast cancer
sexual satisfaction
sexual rehabilitation
treatment
surgery

Authors

Milena Lachowicz
Joanna Kufel-Grabowska
Mikołaj Bartoszkiewicz
Rodryg Ramlau
Krzysztof Łukaszuk

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