open access

Ahead of print
Research paper (original)
Published online: 2021-02-08
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The Quality of Life in Patients with Head Neoplasm Treated with Radiotherapy and the Incidence of Depression (a preliminary research report)

Bogumiła Alina Lubińska-Żądło, Anna Pych, Bożena Kowalczyk, Bożena Zawadzka
DOI: 10.5603/NJO.a2021.0015

open access

Ahead of print
Original article
Published online: 2021-02-08

Abstract

INTRODUCTION. The diagnosis of a primary tumor of the central nervous system is a source of huge fear and anxiety for the patient, because the prognosis is usually unfavorable. Very often, cancer is accompanied by depression, which reduces the effectiveness of treatment and worsens the patient's functioning in everyday life. THE AIM. The aim of the study is to determine the cause-and-effect relationship between the quality of life and the incidence of depression, as well as the side effects of treatment in people treated with radiation for head cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS. The study group consisted of 103 patients during treatment in the Radiotherapy Ward of the Specialist Hospital in Nowy Sącz. The research tools were: the WHOQOL-Bref questionnaire, the Beck Depression Scale and a questionnaire of author’s own design regarding patients treated with radiation therapy for head cancer. RESULTS. The general perception of the quality of life in the studied group was 2.88 points, the general perception of patient’s own health was 1.88 points. The average quality of life was the highest in the environmental field: 62.50 ± 23.21, while the lowest in the physical field: 44.24 ± 28.65. CONCLUSIONS. Both the overall assessment of the quality of life in the assessed areas and the perception of health by patients treated with radiation therapy for head cancer are low.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION. The diagnosis of a primary tumor of the central nervous system is a source of huge fear and anxiety for the patient, because the prognosis is usually unfavorable. Very often, cancer is accompanied by depression, which reduces the effectiveness of treatment and worsens the patient's functioning in everyday life. THE AIM. The aim of the study is to determine the cause-and-effect relationship between the quality of life and the incidence of depression, as well as the side effects of treatment in people treated with radiation for head cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS. The study group consisted of 103 patients during treatment in the Radiotherapy Ward of the Specialist Hospital in Nowy Sącz. The research tools were: the WHOQOL-Bref questionnaire, the Beck Depression Scale and a questionnaire of author’s own design regarding patients treated with radiation therapy for head cancer. RESULTS. The general perception of the quality of life in the studied group was 2.88 points, the general perception of patient’s own health was 1.88 points. The average quality of life was the highest in the environmental field: 62.50 ± 23.21, while the lowest in the physical field: 44.24 ± 28.65. CONCLUSIONS. Both the overall assessment of the quality of life in the assessed areas and the perception of health by patients treated with radiation therapy for head cancer are low.

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Keywords

head cancer; depression; quality of life

About this article
Title

The Quality of Life in Patients with Head Neoplasm Treated with Radiotherapy and the Incidence of Depression (a preliminary research report)

Journal

Nowotwory. Journal of Oncology

Issue

Ahead of print

Article type

Research paper (original)

Published online

2021-02-08

DOI

10.5603/NJO.a2021.0015

Keywords

head cancer
depression
quality of life

Authors

Bogumiła Alina Lubińska-Żądło
Anna Pych
Bożena Kowalczyk
Bożena Zawadzka

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