Vol 71, No 4 (2021)
Review paper
Published online: 2021-06-08

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Sexual well being of breast cancer patients

Milena Lachowicz1, Joanna Kufel-Grabowska23, Mikołaj Bartoszkiewicz4, Rodryg Ramlau5, Krzysztof Łukaszuk67
Nowotwory. Journal of Oncology 2021;71(4):232-237.

Abstract

Introduction. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women – both in Poland and around the world. In terms of the mortality rate, it subsides brest cancer with lung cancer. In 2018, almost 2 million new cases were reported worldwide, and almost 44 million women have been diagnosed with breast cancer in the last 5 years.

Material. The aim of this paper is to present ways to improve the sexual well being of breast cancer patients.

Methods. Analysis of the literature by oncologists, gynecologists, and psychologists was used for theoretical discussion.

Results. Sexuality is an extremely important part of every woman’s life, including those suffering from breast cancer. Surgery of the breast, a symbol of a woman’s sexuality, and the negative effects of cancer therapy can alter a woman’s perception of her own body and lower her libido. Sexual therapy which should be based on multi-faceted activities, is an extremely important part of breast cancer treatment.

Conclusions. Therapeutic possibilities may be based on psychological and sexual therapies as well as pharmacological support (moisturizers, silicone lubricants, tampons inserted for several minutes with 4% vaginal lidocaine before intercourse, topical gels with estrogens, ospemifen, DHEA, testosterone).

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Nowotwory. Journal of Oncology