Vol 55, No 6 (2021)
Research Paper
Published online: 2021-11-16

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Association between intention to call EMS in stroke patients and level of hospital classification and emergency medical service usage among stroke patients in China

Yi-Xiu Lu1, Sheng-De Li1, Guang-Liang Shan2, Bin Peng1
Pubmed: 34783353
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2021;55(6):582-591.

Abstract

Introduction: Different categories of hospitals in China have varying levels of patient education. Stroke recognition and emergency medical services (EMS) usage in patients appears to be closely associated with patient education in hospital. This study aimed to explore the effect of hospital classification in China on a patient’s ability to recognise stroke symptoms and the likelihood of using the EMS.

Material and methods: A cross-sectional, community-based study was conducted from January to May 2017, and 1,426 residents who had previously been hospitalised were analysed. The patients involved in the study were from 69 administrative areas in China. Multivariable logistic regression models were developed separately for primary, secondary, and tertiary hospitals to identify the associations between hospital grades and patient stroke recognition or the prospects of them using the EMS.

Results: Among the 1,426 patients studied, 725 had been admitted to tertiary hospitals, 448 to secondary hospitals, and 253 to primary hospitals. According to univariate analysis, tertiary hospital patients were more likely to use the EMS than patients in primary and secondary hospitals. The difference therein was still significant after full adjustment.

Conclusions: Patients in tertiary hospitals were significantly more likely to use the EMS promptly compared to patients in primary or secondary hospitals. Therefore, patient education on timely EMS usage at stroke onset should be enhanced in primary and secondary hospitals in China.

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