open access

Vol 52, No 6 (2018)
Original research articles
Submitted: 2019-11-05
Accepted: 2019-11-05
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Age as a prognostic factor in relation to surgical evacuation of spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral haemorrhage

Hamed Zaer, Baskaran Ketharanathan, Jakob G. Carlsen, Shima Shahbazi, Jens C. Hedemann Sørensen
Pubmed: 30279050
·
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2018;52(6):750-755.

open access

Vol 52, No 6 (2018)
Original research articles
Submitted: 2019-11-05
Accepted: 2019-11-05

Abstract

Aim and clinical rationale for the study: Spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (sICH) is an acute life-threatening injury and constitutes 10–15% of first-ever stroke cases. The Surgical Trials in Intracerebral Haematoma studies (STICH and STICH II) represent the two foremost studies in the field, however, with arguable shortcomings. To find more accurate criteria, we aimed to correlate the preoperative neurological and neuroimaging findings with the clinical outcome of operated patients.

Materials and methods: In this retrospective study, sICH patients were recruited from the Central Denmark Region from 2010 to 2016. We evaluated the patients' medical records regarding preoperative Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) 6 months and one year after surgery, focal neurological defects, thrombolytic treatment, pupil status, and haemorrhage localization visualized by neuroimaging. The patients' clinical outcome was assessed using the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS).

Results: Based on logistic multiple linear analysis, age, basal ganglia haemorrhage and mass effect had significant effect on the mortality rate. Besides, age, basal ganglia haemorrhage, intra ventricular haemorrhage and pupil difference had significant correlation with good
outcome (GOS > 3).

Conclusions and clinical implications: Neurosurgical treatment of the sICH patients is indicated only if age and potentially improved morbidity is carefully evaluated considering the STICH and this study; otherwise, we will just increase the health care burden with a number of extremely care-dependent patients.

Abstract

Aim and clinical rationale for the study: Spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (sICH) is an acute life-threatening injury and constitutes 10–15% of first-ever stroke cases. The Surgical Trials in Intracerebral Haematoma studies (STICH and STICH II) represent the two foremost studies in the field, however, with arguable shortcomings. To find more accurate criteria, we aimed to correlate the preoperative neurological and neuroimaging findings with the clinical outcome of operated patients.

Materials and methods: In this retrospective study, sICH patients were recruited from the Central Denmark Region from 2010 to 2016. We evaluated the patients' medical records regarding preoperative Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) 6 months and one year after surgery, focal neurological defects, thrombolytic treatment, pupil status, and haemorrhage localization visualized by neuroimaging. The patients' clinical outcome was assessed using the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS).

Results: Based on logistic multiple linear analysis, age, basal ganglia haemorrhage and mass effect had significant effect on the mortality rate. Besides, age, basal ganglia haemorrhage, intra ventricular haemorrhage and pupil difference had significant correlation with good
outcome (GOS > 3).

Conclusions and clinical implications: Neurosurgical treatment of the sICH patients is indicated only if age and potentially improved morbidity is carefully evaluated considering the STICH and this study; otherwise, we will just increase the health care burden with a number of extremely care-dependent patients.

Get Citation

Keywords

Spontaneous intracerebral, haemorrhage, Stroke, ICH, STICH, GOS

About this article
Title

Age as a prognostic factor in relation to surgical evacuation of spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral haemorrhage

Journal

Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska

Issue

Vol 52, No 6 (2018)

Pages

750-755

Pubmed

30279050

Bibliographic record

Neurol Neurochir Pol 2018;52(6):750-755.

Keywords

Spontaneous intracerebral
haemorrhage
Stroke
ICH
STICH
GOS

Authors

Hamed Zaer
Baskaran Ketharanathan
Jakob G. Carlsen
Shima Shahbazi
Jens C. Hedemann Sørensen

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