open access

Vol 52, No 5 (2018)
Original research articles
Submitted: 2018-01-04
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Treatment of the dens fractures in children

Ryszard Tomaszewski, Tomasz Koszutski
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2018.08.007
·
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2018;52(5):618-622.

open access

Vol 52, No 5 (2018)
Original research articles
Submitted: 2018-01-04

Abstract

The anatomical and biomechanical features of the immature cervical spine make the upper segments at C1–3 especially susceptible to injury.

Material and method

From 2000 to 2016, 10 patients (3 boys, 7 girls) with C2 dens fractures were treated. The average age of each child was 11 years (3–17). According to the Anderson classification, there were 6 patients with a type III fracture and 4 with a type II. 4 patients were treated conservatively using the Minerva cervical brace for 75 days (66–125) and 6 patients by means of the Halo-Vest for 79 days (64–87) and followed by the Schantz collar for 17 days (2–35).

Results

The follow up lasted 78 months (12–180). The NDI (Neck Disability Index) score was calculated for each patient, except for section 8 (driving the car). The scores ranged from 1/45 (2.22%) to 20/45 (44.44%). The mean score for 9 out of the 10 patients (one patient died) was 4.77 (10.61%).

Conclusion

The C2 dens fracture is a rare injury in children. The classification system of dens fractures developed by Anderson is useful in choosing the mode of treatment of dens fractures.

Abstract

The anatomical and biomechanical features of the immature cervical spine make the upper segments at C1–3 especially susceptible to injury.

Material and method

From 2000 to 2016, 10 patients (3 boys, 7 girls) with C2 dens fractures were treated. The average age of each child was 11 years (3–17). According to the Anderson classification, there were 6 patients with a type III fracture and 4 with a type II. 4 patients were treated conservatively using the Minerva cervical brace for 75 days (66–125) and 6 patients by means of the Halo-Vest for 79 days (64–87) and followed by the Schantz collar for 17 days (2–35).

Results

The follow up lasted 78 months (12–180). The NDI (Neck Disability Index) score was calculated for each patient, except for section 8 (driving the car). The scores ranged from 1/45 (2.22%) to 20/45 (44.44%). The mean score for 9 out of the 10 patients (one patient died) was 4.77 (10.61%).

Conclusion

The C2 dens fracture is a rare injury in children. The classification system of dens fractures developed by Anderson is useful in choosing the mode of treatment of dens fractures.

Get Citation

Keywords

Dens fractures, Treatment, Children, Spinal cord, Halo-Vest

About this article
Title

Treatment of the dens fractures in children

Journal

Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska

Issue

Vol 52, No 5 (2018)

Pages

618-622

DOI

10.1016/j.pjnns.2018.08.007

Bibliographic record

Neurol Neurochir Pol 2018;52(5):618-622.

Keywords

Dens fractures
Treatment
Children
Spinal cord
Halo-Vest

Authors

Ryszard Tomaszewski
Tomasz Koszutski

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