open access

Vol 52, No 4 (2018)
Reviews
Submitted: 2017-12-10
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Application of peripheral nerve conduits in clinical practice: A literature review

Patrycja Chrząszcz, Kamil Derbisz, Krzysztof Suszyński, Jan Miodoński, Robert Trybulski, Joanna Lewin-Kowalik, Wiesław Marcol
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2018.06.003
·
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2018;52(4):427-435.

open access

Vol 52, No 4 (2018)
Reviews
Submitted: 2017-12-10

Abstract

Understanding the pathomechanisms behind peripheral nerve damage and learning the course of regeneration seem to be crucial for selecting the appropriate methods of treatment. Autografts are currently the gold standard procedure in nerve reconstruction. However, due to the frequency of complications resulting from autografting and a desire to create a better environment for the regeneration of the damaged nerve, artificial conduits have become an approved alternative treatment method. The aim of this mini-review is to present the nerve scaffolds that have been applied in clinical practice to date, and the potential directions of developments in nerve conduit bioengineering.

Articles regarding construction and characterization of nerve conduits were used as the theoretical background. All papers, available in PubMed database since 2000, presenting results of application of artificial nerve conduits in clinical trials were included into this mini-review.

Fourteen studies including ≤10 patients and 10 trials conducted on >10 patients were analyzed as well as 24 papers focused on artificial nerve conduits per se. Taking into consideration the experiences of the authors investigating nerve conduits in clinical trials, it is essential to point out the emergence of bioresorbable scaffolds, which in the future may significantly change the treatment of peripheral nerve injuries. Also worth mentioning among the advanced conduits are hybrid conduits, which combine several modifications of a synthetic material to provide the optimal regeneration of a damaged nerve.

Abstract

Understanding the pathomechanisms behind peripheral nerve damage and learning the course of regeneration seem to be crucial for selecting the appropriate methods of treatment. Autografts are currently the gold standard procedure in nerve reconstruction. However, due to the frequency of complications resulting from autografting and a desire to create a better environment for the regeneration of the damaged nerve, artificial conduits have become an approved alternative treatment method. The aim of this mini-review is to present the nerve scaffolds that have been applied in clinical practice to date, and the potential directions of developments in nerve conduit bioengineering.

Articles regarding construction and characterization of nerve conduits were used as the theoretical background. All papers, available in PubMed database since 2000, presenting results of application of artificial nerve conduits in clinical trials were included into this mini-review.

Fourteen studies including ≤10 patients and 10 trials conducted on >10 patients were analyzed as well as 24 papers focused on artificial nerve conduits per se. Taking into consideration the experiences of the authors investigating nerve conduits in clinical trials, it is essential to point out the emergence of bioresorbable scaffolds, which in the future may significantly change the treatment of peripheral nerve injuries. Also worth mentioning among the advanced conduits are hybrid conduits, which combine several modifications of a synthetic material to provide the optimal regeneration of a damaged nerve.

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Keywords

PGA, PHB, PLA, PLL, PDLLA, PCL, PLCL, PLGA, PU, PVA, SIS, ECM, F-UP, FS, FN, PGRD, β-TCP, NGF, GGFg, FGF, GDNF, BDNF, NT-3

About this article
Title

Application of peripheral nerve conduits in clinical practice: A literature review

Journal

Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska

Issue

Vol 52, No 4 (2018)

Pages

427-435

DOI

10.1016/j.pjnns.2018.06.003

Bibliographic record

Neurol Neurochir Pol 2018;52(4):427-435.

Keywords

PGA
PHB
PLA
PLL
PDLLA
PCL
PLCL
PLGA
PU
PVA
SIS
ECM
F-UP
FS
FN
PGRD
β-TCP
NGF
GGFg
FGF
GDNF
BDNF
NT-3

Authors

Patrycja Chrząszcz
Kamil Derbisz
Krzysztof Suszyński
Jan Miodoński
Robert Trybulski
Joanna Lewin-Kowalik
Wiesław Marcol

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