open access

Vol 52, No 3 (2018)
Original research articles
Submitted: 2017-11-28
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Mechanical thrombectomy: Determining the proportion of eligible acute ischemic stroke patients in the cohort of single academic stroke center

Marcin Wiącek, Rafał Kaczorowski, Bartosz Sieczkowski, Natalia Kanas, Halina Bartosik-Psujek
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2017.12.010
·
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2018;52(3):359-363.

open access

Vol 52, No 3 (2018)
Original research articles
Submitted: 2017-11-28

Abstract

Background and purpose

Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is now well-established treatment method for selected patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and efforts are being made to incorporate it into the systems of stroke care. Our objective is to assess the number of AIS individuals eligible for MT in the cohort of single academic stroke center.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed initial non-invasive vascular imaging data of AIS patients presenting within 5h of symptom onset for the presence of large vessel occlusion (LVO) over 2-year period (2015–2016). Among subjects confirmed with LVO: time-to-presentation, premorbid functional and on-admission neurological state, site of occlusion and initial imaging data were further assessed. Two sets of criteria based on recent trials and recommendations were used to determine MT eligibility. The onset-to-evaluation time limit was set to 5h allowing ≤60min procedure initiation delay.

Results

895 patients with the final diagnosis of AIS were admitted to our stroke center as the initial treatment facility. 246 (27.5%) presented within 5h of symptom onset and had non-invasive imaging performed. Among those 102 (41.5%) had causative LVO. The number of ≤5h presenting patients eligible for MT was 51 (20.7%) when applying restrictive or 80 (32.5%) with more permissive criteria.

Conclusion

Among AIS patients, in whom onset-to-arrival time allowed to initiate the endovascular procedure within 6h of symptom duration, 21% were eligible for MT treatment according to more and 33% to less restrictive criteria. It accounts for about 6% and 9% of all AIS cases, respectively.

Abstract

Background and purpose

Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is now well-established treatment method for selected patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and efforts are being made to incorporate it into the systems of stroke care. Our objective is to assess the number of AIS individuals eligible for MT in the cohort of single academic stroke center.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed initial non-invasive vascular imaging data of AIS patients presenting within 5h of symptom onset for the presence of large vessel occlusion (LVO) over 2-year period (2015–2016). Among subjects confirmed with LVO: time-to-presentation, premorbid functional and on-admission neurological state, site of occlusion and initial imaging data were further assessed. Two sets of criteria based on recent trials and recommendations were used to determine MT eligibility. The onset-to-evaluation time limit was set to 5h allowing ≤60min procedure initiation delay.

Results

895 patients with the final diagnosis of AIS were admitted to our stroke center as the initial treatment facility. 246 (27.5%) presented within 5h of symptom onset and had non-invasive imaging performed. Among those 102 (41.5%) had causative LVO. The number of ≤5h presenting patients eligible for MT was 51 (20.7%) when applying restrictive or 80 (32.5%) with more permissive criteria.

Conclusion

Among AIS patients, in whom onset-to-arrival time allowed to initiate the endovascular procedure within 6h of symptom duration, 21% were eligible for MT treatment according to more and 33% to less restrictive criteria. It accounts for about 6% and 9% of all AIS cases, respectively.

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Keywords

AIS, NIHSS, mRS, EVT, MT, LVO, IVT, RCTs, ASPECTS

About this article
Title

Mechanical thrombectomy: Determining the proportion of eligible acute ischemic stroke patients in the cohort of single academic stroke center

Journal

Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska

Issue

Vol 52, No 3 (2018)

Pages

359-363

DOI

10.1016/j.pjnns.2017.12.010

Bibliographic record

Neurol Neurochir Pol 2018;52(3):359-363.

Keywords

AIS
NIHSS
mRS
EVT
MT
LVO
IVT
RCTs
ASPECTS

Authors

Marcin Wiącek
Rafał Kaczorowski
Bartosz Sieczkowski
Natalia Kanas
Halina Bartosik-Psujek

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