open access

Vol 52, No 3 (2018)
Review article
Submitted: 2017-09-17
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Malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction in people over 85 years old – Diagnosis, management and risk factors

Żanna Pastuszak, Zbigniew Czernicki, Waldemar Koszewski, Adam Stępień, Anna Piusińska-Macoch
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2017.12.005
·
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2018;52(3):311-317.

open access

Vol 52, No 3 (2018)
Review article
Submitted: 2017-09-17

Abstract

Introduction

Malignant ischemic stroke of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory causes neurological deterioration due to the effects of space occupying cerebral edema. The prognosis is poor, and death usually occurs as a result of brainstem compression. There is no information on ischemic stroke, especially the malignant ones, in patients over 85 years old.

Aim

The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the disease course, risk factors, survival rate and treatment of MCA malignant infarction in people over 85 years old.

Method

The medical history of 66 patients with malignant MCA stroke was analyzed. The frequency of the occurrence of the risk factors like hypertension, hyperlipidemia, atrial fibrillation, heart failure, diabetes was evaluated. Disability was measured with the use of the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). Safety and effectiveness of the anticoagulants used in the group of patients with atrial fibrillation were analyzed. Chi-quadrat test and Mann–Whitney U test were used for statistical analysis of data. We also described 85 year-old patient with malignant brain stroke who was treated neurosurgically with a positive effect.

Results

Atrial fibrillation was diagnosed in 65% of patients of the investigated group. There were no statistically significant changes in the survival rate between the group of patients treated with the use of mannitol and patients without this treatment.

Conclusion

The key risk factor in this group is the atrial fibrillation. The elderly patients require an intensive monitoring of the health condition by reference to brain stroke risk factors, especially atrial fibrillation.

Abstract

Introduction

Malignant ischemic stroke of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory causes neurological deterioration due to the effects of space occupying cerebral edema. The prognosis is poor, and death usually occurs as a result of brainstem compression. There is no information on ischemic stroke, especially the malignant ones, in patients over 85 years old.

Aim

The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the disease course, risk factors, survival rate and treatment of MCA malignant infarction in people over 85 years old.

Method

The medical history of 66 patients with malignant MCA stroke was analyzed. The frequency of the occurrence of the risk factors like hypertension, hyperlipidemia, atrial fibrillation, heart failure, diabetes was evaluated. Disability was measured with the use of the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). Safety and effectiveness of the anticoagulants used in the group of patients with atrial fibrillation were analyzed. Chi-quadrat test and Mann–Whitney U test were used for statistical analysis of data. We also described 85 year-old patient with malignant brain stroke who was treated neurosurgically with a positive effect.

Results

Atrial fibrillation was diagnosed in 65% of patients of the investigated group. There were no statistically significant changes in the survival rate between the group of patients treated with the use of mannitol and patients without this treatment.

Conclusion

The key risk factor in this group is the atrial fibrillation. The elderly patients require an intensive monitoring of the health condition by reference to brain stroke risk factors, especially atrial fibrillation.

Get Citation

Keywords

Malignant stroke, Ischemic stroke, People over 85 years old, Brain edema, Neurosurgical treatment

About this article
Title

Malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction in people over 85 years old – Diagnosis, management and risk factors

Journal

Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska

Issue

Vol 52, No 3 (2018)

Pages

311-317

DOI

10.1016/j.pjnns.2017.12.005

Bibliographic record

Neurol Neurochir Pol 2018;52(3):311-317.

Keywords

Malignant stroke
Ischemic stroke
People over 85 years old
Brain edema
Neurosurgical treatment

Authors

Żanna Pastuszak
Zbigniew Czernicki
Waldemar Koszewski
Adam Stępień
Anna Piusińska-Macoch

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