Vol 51, No 6 (2017)

open access

Page views 1149
Article views/downloads 1164
Get Citation

Connect on Social Media

Connect on Social Media

The assessment of risk factors for febrile seizures in children

Krystyna Gontko-Romanowska12, Zbigniew Żaba2, Paweł Panieński12, Barbara Steinborn3, Michał Szemień1, Magdalena Łukasik-Głębocka1, Krystian Ratajczak1, Adrian Chrobak1, Joanna Mitkowska2, Jacek Górny1
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2017.07.011
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2017;51(6):454-458.

Abstract

Objective

The aim of the paper was to assess the risk factors of febrile seizures in children.

Methods

The paper presents an analysis of a group of 176 children aged 6 months to 5 years who were admitted to A&E because of febrile seizures.

Results

The analysed group of 176 children comprised 61.96% boys and 38.07% girls, and the average age equalled 23 months. Family history was significant in 9.66% of patients. A statistically significant difference was noticed between insignificant family history and the incidence of febrile seizures. In all the studied groups of children the factor that determined the incidence of febrile seizures was a sudden increase in the body temperature with an infection of the upper respiratory tract of several day's duration as another cause. Febrile seizure incident was most frequently associated with a sudden increase in the body temperature in 53.40% children. A statistically significant difference was observed between persisting fever and an increase thereof during the day. Yet another factor predisposing for febrile seizures incidence was an infection of the upper respiratory system that could be observed in 32.95% patients. The mean body temperature when the seizures occurred was 38.9°C.

Conclusions

A sudden increase in the body temperature within the first day of pyrexia predisposes for the incidence of febrile seizures and it was proved that it depends on how long fever persists during the day. The other factor triggering the seizures was an infection of the upper respiratory tract of several days’ duration.

Article available in PDF format

View PDF Download PDF file



Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska