open access

Vol 51, No 6 (2017)
Original research articles
Submitted: 2016-05-12
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The assessment of risk factors for febrile seizures in children

Krystyna Gontko-Romanowska, Zbigniew Żaba, Paweł Panieński, Barbara Steinborn, Michał Szemień, Magdalena Łukasik-Głębocka, Krystian Ratajczak, Adrian Chrobak, Joanna Mitkowska, Jacek Górny
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2017.07.011
·
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2017;51(6):454-458.

open access

Vol 51, No 6 (2017)
Original research articles
Submitted: 2016-05-12

Abstract

Objective

The aim of the paper was to assess the risk factors of febrile seizures in children.

Methods

The paper presents an analysis of a group of 176 children aged 6 months to 5 years who were admitted to A&E because of febrile seizures.

Results

The analysed group of 176 children comprised 61.96% boys and 38.07% girls, and the average age equalled 23 months. Family history was significant in 9.66% of patients. A statistically significant difference was noticed between insignificant family history and the incidence of febrile seizures. In all the studied groups of children the factor that determined the incidence of febrile seizures was a sudden increase in the body temperature with an infection of the upper respiratory tract of several day's duration as another cause. Febrile seizure incident was most frequently associated with a sudden increase in the body temperature in 53.40% children. A statistically significant difference was observed between persisting fever and an increase thereof during the day. Yet another factor predisposing for febrile seizures incidence was an infection of the upper respiratory system that could be observed in 32.95% patients. The mean body temperature when the seizures occurred was 38.9°C.

Conclusions

A sudden increase in the body temperature within the first day of pyrexia predisposes for the incidence of febrile seizures and it was proved that it depends on how long fever persists during the day. The other factor triggering the seizures was an infection of the upper respiratory tract of several days’ duration.

Abstract

Objective

The aim of the paper was to assess the risk factors of febrile seizures in children.

Methods

The paper presents an analysis of a group of 176 children aged 6 months to 5 years who were admitted to A&E because of febrile seizures.

Results

The analysed group of 176 children comprised 61.96% boys and 38.07% girls, and the average age equalled 23 months. Family history was significant in 9.66% of patients. A statistically significant difference was noticed between insignificant family history and the incidence of febrile seizures. In all the studied groups of children the factor that determined the incidence of febrile seizures was a sudden increase in the body temperature with an infection of the upper respiratory tract of several day's duration as another cause. Febrile seizure incident was most frequently associated with a sudden increase in the body temperature in 53.40% children. A statistically significant difference was observed between persisting fever and an increase thereof during the day. Yet another factor predisposing for febrile seizures incidence was an infection of the upper respiratory system that could be observed in 32.95% patients. The mean body temperature when the seizures occurred was 38.9°C.

Conclusions

A sudden increase in the body temperature within the first day of pyrexia predisposes for the incidence of febrile seizures and it was proved that it depends on how long fever persists during the day. The other factor triggering the seizures was an infection of the upper respiratory tract of several days’ duration.

Get Citation

Keywords

Risk factors, Children, Febrile seizures

About this article
Title

The assessment of risk factors for febrile seizures in children

Journal

Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska

Issue

Vol 51, No 6 (2017)

Pages

454-458

DOI

10.1016/j.pjnns.2017.07.011

Bibliographic record

Neurol Neurochir Pol 2017;51(6):454-458.

Keywords

Risk factors
Children
Febrile seizures

Authors

Krystyna Gontko-Romanowska
Zbigniew Żaba
Paweł Panieński
Barbara Steinborn
Michał Szemień
Magdalena Łukasik-Głębocka
Krystian Ratajczak
Adrian Chrobak
Joanna Mitkowska
Jacek Górny

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