Vol 51, No 3 (2017)
Review Article

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Cognitive disorders in children's hydrocephalus

Dorota Zielińska1, Anna Rajtar-Zembaty1, Anna Starowicz-Filip2
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2017.02.001
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2017;51(3):234-239.


Background and objective

Hydrocephalus is defined as an increase of volume of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricular system of the brain. It develops as a result of cerebrospinal fluid flow disorder due to dysfunctions of absorption or, less frequently, as a result of the increase of its production. Hydrocephalus may lead to various cognitive dysfunctions in children.

Materials and methods

In order to determine cognitive functioning in children with hydrocephalus, the authors reviewed available literature while investigating this subject.


The profile of cognitive disorders in children with hydrocephalus may include a wide spectrum of dysfunctions and the process of neuropsychological assessment may be very demanding. The most frequently described cognitive disorders within children's hydrocephalus include attention, executive, memory, visual, spatial or linguistic dysfunctions, as well as behavioral problems.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska