Vol 51, No 2 (2017)

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Identification of the first in Poland CACNA1A gene mutation in familial hemiplegic migraine. Case report

Biruta Kierdaszuk1, Dorota Dziewulska12, Ewa Pronicka34, Joanna Trubicka3, Dariusz Rokicki4, Dorota Piekutowska-Abramczuk3, Magdalena Kaliszewska5, Katarzyna Tonska5, Ewa Bartnik56, Rafal Ploski7, Anna M. Kaminska1
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2017.01.005
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2017;51(2):184-189.

Abstract

Introduction

Migraine is a common neurological disorder characterized by a particular phenotype, complex pathophysiology and a heterogeneous genetic background. Among several heritable forms, familial hemiplegic migraine is the best described one. In the majority of cases it is caused by mutations in one of three different genes.

Case report

Clinical symptoms of a 47 year old proband (and independently described in his 20 year old son) as well as differential diagnosis are discussed in the presented report. The most characteristic were recurrent attacks of blurred vision, paresthesias and hemiparesis often accompanied by speech disturbances and followed by severe headache with vomiting. Advanced morphological and genetic procedures were required to exclude MELAS, CADASIL and Call-Fleming syndrome. Finally, the definite diagnosis was possible after the application of the whole exome sequencing technique. It confirmed, for the first time in the Polish population, a heterozygous T666M mutation (c.1997C>T; p.Thr666Met) in the CACNA1A gene in the proband, the proband's son and in several other family members.

Conclusion

The presented report provides clinical and genetic insight into familial hemiplegic migraine 1 resulting from a mutation in the CACNA1A gene.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska