open access

Vol 51, No 1 (2017)
Review article
Submitted: 2016-06-23
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Balance evaluation techniques and physical therapy in post-stroke patients: A literature review

Eglė Lendraitienė, Agnė Tamošauskaitė, Daiva Petruševičienė, Raimondas Savickas
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2016.11.003
·
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2017;51(1):92-100.

open access

Vol 51, No 1 (2017)
Review article
Submitted: 2016-06-23

Abstract

A stroke (cerebrovascular accident – CVA) is a significant social–economic issue. Approximately 15–30% of all patients develop life-long disability, 20% require over 3 months of specialized care in healthcare institutions, and the majority of the patients never recover the ability to maintain a proper vertical position. Such CVA sequelae as balance disturbances not only negatively affect patients’ daily physical activity, but also result in social isolation. A number of standardized clinical scales, tests, and instrumental examination techniques have been proposed for evaluating not only post-CVA balance function, but also any changes in this function following various interventions. Even though scientific literature lists numerous methods and instruments for the improvement of balance after a CVA, not all of them are equally effective, and there have been rather controversial evaluations of some techniques. Nevertheless, the application of the majority of the techniques as complementary or alternative measures to traditional physical therapy (PT) frequently yields better results.

Abstract

A stroke (cerebrovascular accident – CVA) is a significant social–economic issue. Approximately 15–30% of all patients develop life-long disability, 20% require over 3 months of specialized care in healthcare institutions, and the majority of the patients never recover the ability to maintain a proper vertical position. Such CVA sequelae as balance disturbances not only negatively affect patients’ daily physical activity, but also result in social isolation. A number of standardized clinical scales, tests, and instrumental examination techniques have been proposed for evaluating not only post-CVA balance function, but also any changes in this function following various interventions. Even though scientific literature lists numerous methods and instruments for the improvement of balance after a CVA, not all of them are equally effective, and there have been rather controversial evaluations of some techniques. Nevertheless, the application of the majority of the techniques as complementary or alternative measures to traditional physical therapy (PT) frequently yields better results.

Get Citation

Keywords

Stroke, Balance, Balance training, Post-stroke balance evaluation techniques

About this article
Title

Balance evaluation techniques and physical therapy in post-stroke patients: A literature review

Journal

Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska

Issue

Vol 51, No 1 (2017)

Pages

92-100

DOI

10.1016/j.pjnns.2016.11.003

Bibliographic record

Neurol Neurochir Pol 2017;51(1):92-100.

Keywords

Stroke
Balance
Balance training
Post-stroke balance evaluation techniques

Authors

Eglė Lendraitienė
Agnė Tamošauskaitė
Daiva Petruševičienė
Raimondas Savickas

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