Vol 51, No 1 (2017)

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Cognitive impairment and BDNF serum levels

Joanna Siuda12, Maja Patalong-Ogiewa2, Weronika Żmuda2, Magdalena Targosz-Gajniak2, Ewa Niewiadomska3, Iwona Matuszek4, Halina Jędrzejowska-Szypułka4, Monika Rudzińska-Bar12
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2016.10.001
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2017;51(1):24-32.

Abstract

Background/aims

To investigate the alterations of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BNDF) serum levels in subjects with different intensity of cognitive impairment and different neurodegenerative processes.

Material and methods

Serum BDNF levels were analyzed by ELISA kit in 378 subjects: 134 Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, 115 amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients, and 129 controls divided into two groups: neurodegenerative control group (ND), consisting of 49 Parkinson's disease patients without any cognitive complaints, and cognitively normal control group (CN), consisting of 80 subjects without any neurological disorders.

Results

AD patients had significantly lower (p<0.001) BDNF serum levels compared to MCI, CN and ND controls. Age and education had significant influence on BDNF serum levels regardless the diagnosis or group assignment. We have found no influence of depression on BDNF serum levels either in our group as a whole, or in each group assessed separately. We found significant correlation between BDNF serum levels and cognitive impairments. After multiple comparisons between the groups, we found that, after adjustment for confounding factors (age, gender, education, depression, cognitive impairment), BDNF serum levels were the lowest in AD group (p=0.05).

Conclusions

Advanced age and low educational level are associated with decreased BDNF serum levels. Decreased BDNF serum levels correspond to the severity of cognitive impairment. There is no correlation between BDNF serum levels and depressive symptoms.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska