Vol 50, No 6 (2016)
Review Article

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Cerebral vasomotor reactivity in neurodegenerative diseases

Łukasz Smoliński1, Anna Członkowska12
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2016.07.011
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2016;50(6):455-462.

Abstract

Small-caliber cerebral vessels change their diameters in response to alterations of key metabolite concentrations such as carbon dioxide or oxygen. This phenomenon, termed the cerebral vasomotor reactivity (CVMR), is the basis for blood flow regulation in the brain in accordance with its metabolic status. Typically, CVMR is determined as the amount of change in cerebral blood flow in response to a vasodilating stimulus, which can be measured by various neuroimaging methods or by transcranial Doppler. It has been shown that CVMR is impaired in cerebrovascular diseases, but there is also evidence of a similar dysfunction in neurodegenerative disorders. Here, we review studies that have investigated CVMR in the common neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis. Moreover, we discuss potential neurodegenerative mechanisms responsible for the impairment of CVMR.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska