Vol 50, No 6 (2016)

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Stent-assisted embolization of wide-neck anterior communicating artery aneurysms: Review of consecutive 34 cases

Damian Kocur1, Miłosz Zbroszczyk2, Nikodem Przybyłko1, Mariusz Hofman1, Tomasz Jamróz1, Jan Baron2, Piotr Bażowski1, Stanisław Kwiek1
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2016.07.008
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2016;50(6):425-431.

Abstract

Objective

We report our experience with stent-assisted coiling of anterior communicating artery aneurysms with special consideration of angiographic and clinical outcomes, retreatment rate and periprocedural complications.

Materials and methods

The analysis included 34 consecutive ruptured and unruptured wide-neck aneurysms. The aneurysm size ranged from 2 to 18mm (mean 5.47). Clinical examinations with the use of modified Rankin Score and angiographic outcomes were evaluated initially post-embolization and at a minimum follow-up of 6 months.

Results

Initial post-treatment complete and near-complete aneurysm occlusion was achieved in 32 (94%) and 2 (6%) cases, respectively. Imaging follow-up, performed in 28 (82%) patients, showed no change in the degree of occlusion in 25 (89%) cases and coil compaction in 3 (11%) patients. Of these, one (3.6%) patient underwent a second coil embolization. The periprocedural severe complication rate was 2.9% (1/35) and was associated with prolonged attempt of retrieval of migrated coil resulting in anterior cerebral artery infarct with serious clinical consequences. In another 3 patients periprocedural adverse events without delayed clinical consequences were noticed. The clinical follow-up evaluation achieved in 33 (97%) patients showed no change in 30 (91%) cases, one patient (3%) with clinical improvement and two (6%) cases of neurological deterioration.

Conclusions

The use of stent is feasible and effective for coil embolization of wide-necked anterior communicating artery aneurysms. Although periprocedural complications resulting in severe morbidity are rare, they should be noted, since in terms of thromboembolic events some of them presumably have a potential to be avoidable.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska