open access

Vol 50, No 5 (2016)
Case reports
Submitted: 2016-01-14
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Surgical treatment of spondylitis and diaphragm relaxation in patient less than 1 year old

A.Y. Mushkin, E.Y. Malyarova, V.A. Evseev, P.K. Yablonskii
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2016.05.003
·
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2016;50(5):374-378.

open access

Vol 50, No 5 (2016)
Case reports
Submitted: 2016-01-14

Abstract

Design

Case report.

Introduction

The combination of severe post-infectious kyphosis and diaphragm relaxation is extremely rare in patient early than 1 year old. Its no publications concerning their simultaneous surgical treatment.

Case description

7-Month-old girl had simultaneous spinal reconstruction with anterior and posterior instrumentation and plastic of diaphragm because of sequelae of non-granulenatous spondylitis complicated by severe kyphosis (54°) and diaphragm relaxation. Between 1.5 and 3 months of live she had several infections incl. pneumonia, enterocolitis, ENT infection. Anterior fusion was done by titanium mesh with auto-rib, posterior – by compressive rods based on low-profile hooks. The deformity was reduced till 20°. 2.5 years after initial surgery and 1 year after removal of posterior instrumentation the adequate level of diaphragm and minimal (4°) loss of kyphosis correction were identified.

Conclusions

The combination of spondylitis and diaphragm relaxation in early aged patient could be explained but it could not be confirmed as a sequelae of late-onset neonatal sepsis with a multi-focal lesions. The simultaneous surgery provided on the combined approaches (trans-thoracic and posterior) looks as optimal options in such combination of pathologies. In remains controversial how will the spine develop after so early reconstructive surgery, including in situ stable anterior fusion carried out by titanium mesh with auto-rib.

Abstract

Design

Case report.

Introduction

The combination of severe post-infectious kyphosis and diaphragm relaxation is extremely rare in patient early than 1 year old. Its no publications concerning their simultaneous surgical treatment.

Case description

7-Month-old girl had simultaneous spinal reconstruction with anterior and posterior instrumentation and plastic of diaphragm because of sequelae of non-granulenatous spondylitis complicated by severe kyphosis (54°) and diaphragm relaxation. Between 1.5 and 3 months of live she had several infections incl. pneumonia, enterocolitis, ENT infection. Anterior fusion was done by titanium mesh with auto-rib, posterior – by compressive rods based on low-profile hooks. The deformity was reduced till 20°. 2.5 years after initial surgery and 1 year after removal of posterior instrumentation the adequate level of diaphragm and minimal (4°) loss of kyphosis correction were identified.

Conclusions

The combination of spondylitis and diaphragm relaxation in early aged patient could be explained but it could not be confirmed as a sequelae of late-onset neonatal sepsis with a multi-focal lesions. The simultaneous surgery provided on the combined approaches (trans-thoracic and posterior) looks as optimal options in such combination of pathologies. In remains controversial how will the spine develop after so early reconstructive surgery, including in situ stable anterior fusion carried out by titanium mesh with auto-rib.

Get Citation

Keywords

Spondylitis, Diaphragm relaxation, Neonatal sepsis, Titanium mesh, Pediatric spine surgery

About this article
Title

Surgical treatment of spondylitis and diaphragm relaxation in patient less than 1 year old

Journal

Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska

Issue

Vol 50, No 5 (2016)

Pages

374-378

DOI

10.1016/j.pjnns.2016.05.003

Bibliographic record

Neurol Neurochir Pol 2016;50(5):374-378.

Keywords

Spondylitis
Diaphragm relaxation
Neonatal sepsis
Titanium mesh
Pediatric spine surgery

Authors

A.Y. Mushkin
E.Y. Malyarova
V.A. Evseev
P.K. Yablonskii

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