Vol 50, No 3 (2016)

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Mild Cognitive Impairment as a single sign of brain hemiatrophy in patient with Localized Scleroderma and Parry–Romberg Syndrome

Elzbieta Klimiec12, Aleksandra Klimkowicz-Mrowiec12
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2016.02.002
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2016;50(3):215-218.

Abstract

Neurologic involvement is well recognized in Systemic Scleroderma and increasingly reported in Localized Scleroderma. MRI brain abnormalities are often associated with symptoms such as seizures or headaches. In some cases they may be clinically silent. We describe a 23 years old female with head, trunk and limbs scleroderma who developed Parry–Romberg Syndrome. Brain MRI showed ipsilateral temporal lobe atrophy without any prominent neurologic symptoms. Neuropsychological examination revealed Mild Cognitive Impairment. During the 7 years of follow up we have noticed progression of face atrophy but no progression of brain atrophy. Cognitive functions have been stable. This case highlight that major MRI brain abnormalities in LS may occur with only subtle clinical manifestation such as Mild Cognitive Impairment.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska