Vol 49, No 6 (2015)

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The effects of physiotherapy with PNF concept on gait and balance of patients with Huntington's disease – pilot study

Elżbieta Mirek12, Magdalena Filip12, Krzysztof Banaszkiewicz2, Monika Rudzińska3, Jadwiga Szymura1, Szymon Pasiut1, Joanna Stożek1, Andrzej Szczudlik4
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2015.09.002
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2015;49(6):354-357.

Abstract

Background and purpose

Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative, progressive disorder of the central nervous system which causes significant gait and balance disturbances. This is a pilot study which aims to determine the effects of a physiotherapy programme with use of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) on gait and balance in HD patients.

Material and methods

30 HD patients aged 21–60 with genetically confirmed diagnosis participated in the study. Participants followed a 3-week-long PNF-based physiotherapy programme. Gait and balance were evaluated twice in each participant: first at baseline and then after the course of physiotherapy. The following methods were used for gait disturbances: Tinetti Gait Assessment Tool, Up and Go Test, Timed Walking Tests for 10m and 20m (TWT10m, TWT20m). Balance was assessed with use of Berg Balance Scale, Pastor Test and Functional Reach Test.

Results

There was a significant improvement in all measures of balance and gait.

Conclusion

PNF-based physiotherapy is effective and safe in HD patients.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska