Vol 49, No 5 (2015)

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Neurological presentation of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis

Żur-Wyrozumska Kamila1, Rog Teresa1, Mensah-Glanowska Patrycja2, Szczudlik Andrzej1
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2015.07.001
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2015;49(5):329-331.

Abstract

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is an inflammatory disorder arising from defects in critical regulatory pathways responsible for termination of inflammatory response.

We are presenting a case report of a 20-year-old male, admitted to the Department of Neurology because of left lower limb weakness and balance disturbances. After a few days of hospitalization, fever occurred. Laboratory tests revealed anemia, neutropenia, lymphopenia, and thrombocytopenia. The clinical course and laboratory tests results confirmed the diagnosis of HLH. In our opinion, the disorder in the presented case occurred due to severe chronic active Epstein–Barr virus infection syndrome. We are presenting the case of pure neurological onset of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in an adult patient.

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, initially presenting with neurological symptoms, can occur in adult patients with irrelevant family history. It is a life-threatening but potentially curable condition requiring proper diagnostic and treatment management.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska