Vol 49, No 4 (2015)

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Reversal of antithrombotic treatment in intracranial hemorrhage – A review of current strategies and guidelines

Tomasz Grzegorski1, Natalia Andrzejewska1, Radosław Kaźmierski1
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2015.06.003
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2015;49(4):278-289.


In the last few years, there has been a rapid increase in patients being treated with various anticoagulation and antiplatelet agents. In clinical neurology, these drugs are administered for primary and secondary stroke prevention or to avoid the consequences of immobilization of severe stroke patients. Additionally, thrombolytic intravenous therapy and, recently, intra-arterial therapy for stroke have been increasingly employed all over the world. These therapies are associated with an increased risk of hemorrhage, including the most dangerous, intracranial hemorrhage. The knowledge of the standards for the treatment of hemorrhagic complications in the central nervous system is crucial for doctors in neurology and stroke units as well as in emergency rooms. Therefore, we conducted a review of various guidelines and recommendations, including manufacturers’ opinions contained in the summaries of product characteristics (Polish and British or European versions), in Guidelines of the Polish Neurological Society and in international and American guidelines i.e., European Stroke Organization (ESO) and American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA). In addition, we compared these guidelines with expert opinions published in recent manuscripts and manuals on intensive care in neurology.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska