Vol 48, No 5 (2014)

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Disappearance of white matter lesions on MRI and clinical recovery after initiating antiretroviral therapy in a case of HIV infection presenting as spastic paraparesis

Anna Jamroz-Wiśniewska1, Jacek Jaworski1, Dorota Suszek2, Marzena Janczarek3, Zbigniew Stelmasiak1, Konrad Rejdak1, Halina Bartosik-Psujek1
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2014.09.004
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2014;48(5):378-381.

Abstract

We present a case of a 30-year-old Polish female who presented with increasing for about 2 years spastic paraparesis and urinary incontinence. She denied any risky sexual behaviors, drug abuse, there was no history of surgery or blood transfusions. MRI of the brain showed diffuse, hyperintensive in T2, poorly defined lesions in the white matter. About 3 months later paraparesis increased and control MRI showed progression of previously described lesions. She was then diagnosed with HIV infection. There was a suspicion of progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy (PML) or vacuolar myelopathy in the course of HIV infection. Antiretroviral treatment was initiated leading, together with rehabilitation, to a progressive improvement of symptoms. Pathological lesions on brain MRI completely disappeared. In conclusion, HIV test should be done in every patient with neurological signs of unknown cause.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska