Vol 48, No 4 (2014)
Review Article

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Symptomatology and pathogenesis of different types of pain in multiple sclerosis

Waldemar Brola1, Krystyna Mitosek-Szewczyk2, Józef Opara3
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2014.07.009
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2014;48(4):272-279.

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive disease of the central nervous system. It is characterized by disseminated foci of demyelination, which are responsible for the diverse clinical picture of MS. Pain is a frequent but underestimated symptom of multiple sclerosis. It is estimated to affect 29–86% of MS patients in various stages of the disease and severely influences rehabilitation and quality of life. The pain experienced by MS patients is generally caused by nervous system damage during the course of the disease process and can usually be characterized as central neuropathic pain (less frequently as peripheral or nociceptive pain). The most frequent symptoms include dysesthetic extremity pain, painful tonic spasms, Lhermitte's sign, trigeminal neuralgia, headaches and low back pain. This paper discusses the probable mechanisms behind the development of pain in MS, the prevalence, classification, types of pain, as well as the most effective treatment methods.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska