Vol 48, No 4 (2014)
Review Article

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Diagnosis and management of neuropathic pain: Review of literature and recommendations of the Polish Association for the Study of Pain and the Polish Neurological Society – Part one

Andrzej Szczudlik1, Jan Dobrogowski2, Jerzy Wordliczek3, Adam Stępień4, Małgorzata Krajnik5, Wojciech Leppert6, Jarosław Woroń37, Anna Przeklasa-Muszyńska2, Magdalena Kocot-Kępska2, Renata Zajączkowska2, Marcin Janecki8, Anna Adamczyk5, Małgorzata Malec-Milewska9
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2014.07.011
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2014;48(4):262-271.

Abstract

Neuropathic pain still present a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge despite considerable progress in understanding of its mechanisms and publication of number of studies which assessed the efficacy and safety of drugs used in the symptomatic treatment. In practice, it is diagnosed less frequently than recognised in the epidemiological studies, and many patients do not achieve satisfactory outcomes of treatment. A multidisciplinary team of Polish experts, commissioned by the Polish Association for the Study of Pain and the Polish Neurological Society, has reviewed the literature on neuropathic pain, with special focus on the published international recommendations, and formulated recommendations on neuropathic pain diagnosis and treatment, in accordance with the principles of evidence-based medicine. The paper presents also background information on the neuropathic pain definition, epidemiology, pathomechanism and method of assessment. The diagnosis of neuropathic pain may be established based on medical history and physical examination including special assessment of the somatosensory system. First-line drugs used in pharmacological management of neuropathic pain are: tricyclic antidepressants, serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, gabapentin, pregabalin, opioids and lidocaine patches.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska