Vol 48, No 4 (2014)

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Variations and morphometric analysis of the proximal segment of the superior cerebellar artery

Roger M. Krzyżewski1, Magdalena K. Stachura1, Anna M. Stachura1, Justyna Rybus1, Krzysztof A. Tomaszewski1, Wiesława Klimek-Piotrowska1, Paweł Brzegowy12, Andrzej Urbanik2, Jerzy A. Walocha1
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2014.07.006
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2014;48(4):229-235.

Abstract

Introduction

The superior cerebral artery is a clinically significant vessel, but little is known about its radiological anatomy. The aim of this study was to describe the anatomical variations of the proximal segment of the superior cerebellar artery using Computed Tomography Angiography.

Materials and methods

The study group consisted of 200 subjects (54.5% female, mean age±SD 56.2±17.2 years) that had undergone head Computed Tomography Angiography. Subjects with any intracranial pathologies were excluded. Images in Maximum Intensity Projections were used to study the anatomical anomalies of the superior cerebellar artery.

Results

In 200 subject 388 superior cerebellar arteries were found. Twelve (3.09%) SCAs were duplicated in 11 patients and all originated from the basilar artery. In 8 (4.00%) patients the superior cerebellar artery was absent. The origin of the SCA was most often bilateral, mainly from the basilar artery (76.29%). The superior cerebellar artery diameter, measured at the site of the origin, was statistically significantly different depending on the place of the origin: wider when originating from the basilar artery as a single vessel (1.48±0.42mm vs. 1.34±0.52mm; p=0.03) and narrower when originating as duplicated one (1.38±0.48mm vs. 1.46±0.44mm; p=0.55).

Conclusion

Superior cerebellar artery usually originates bilaterally from the basilar artery as a single trunk. Its diameter is significantly wider in that type in comparison to other anatomical variations.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska