open access

Vol 48, No 1 (2014)
Review article
Submitted: 2012-10-18
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Phantom phenomena and body scheme after limb amputation: A literature review

Aneta Pirowska, Tomasz Wloch, Roman Nowobilski, Maciej Plaszewski, Abdellah Hocini, Doménico Ménager
DOI: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2013.03.002
·
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2014;48(1):52-59.

open access

Vol 48, No 1 (2014)
Review article
Submitted: 2012-10-18

Abstract

Phantom phenomena are subject of various, often inconsistent, descriptions, and new concepts and treatment approaches emerge. The aim of the study is to describe contemporary terminology and developments in the field, and to share personal experience.

A review of English and French language literature, published prior to 27th February, 2012, extracted from PubMed/MEDLINE, Google.fr, GoogleScholar databases, and by hand searching of selected full text papers and textbooks with correspondence to personal clinical experience was performed.

The terminology and classification of phantom phenomena sensations, relations between intensity and character of phantom pain to the etiology and level of amputations, as well as the influence of presence and intensity of pre-operative limb pain and post-operative stump pain on phantom phenomena are described. The benefits of mirror therapy and early introduction of prosthesis and applying functional prosthesis are also presented, with a glance at other conservative and surgical treatment approaches.

Abstract

Phantom phenomena are subject of various, often inconsistent, descriptions, and new concepts and treatment approaches emerge. The aim of the study is to describe contemporary terminology and developments in the field, and to share personal experience.

A review of English and French language literature, published prior to 27th February, 2012, extracted from PubMed/MEDLINE, Google.fr, GoogleScholar databases, and by hand searching of selected full text papers and textbooks with correspondence to personal clinical experience was performed.

The terminology and classification of phantom phenomena sensations, relations between intensity and character of phantom pain to the etiology and level of amputations, as well as the influence of presence and intensity of pre-operative limb pain and post-operative stump pain on phantom phenomena are described. The benefits of mirror therapy and early introduction of prosthesis and applying functional prosthesis are also presented, with a glance at other conservative and surgical treatment approaches.

Get Citation

Keywords

Phantom phenomenon, Phantom limb sensation, Phantom limb pain, Stump pain, Body scheme

About this article
Title

Phantom phenomena and body scheme after limb amputation: A literature review

Journal

Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska

Issue

Vol 48, No 1 (2014)

Pages

52-59

DOI

10.1016/j.pjnns.2013.03.002

Bibliographic record

Neurol Neurochir Pol 2014;48(1):52-59.

Keywords

Phantom phenomenon
Phantom limb sensation
Phantom limb pain
Stump pain
Body scheme

Authors

Aneta Pirowska
Tomasz Wloch
Roman Nowobilski
Maciej Plaszewski
Abdellah Hocini
Doménico Ménager

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