Vol 47, No 6 (2013)

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Pharmacotherapy prior to and in acute ischaemic stroke. The use of pharmacotherapy and drugs-associated outcomes in real-world practice – findings from the Polish Hospital Stroke Registry

Maciej Niewada1, Iwona Marta Sarzyńska-Długosz2, Marta Skowrońska2, Bogumił Kamiński3, Adam Kobayashi1, Anna Członkowska1
DOI: 10.5114/ninp.2013.39067
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2013;47(6):509-516.


Background and purpose

Stroke is a preventable disease and acute ischaemic stroke can be effectively treated. Specific pharmacotherapy is recommended in either prevention or acute ischemic stroke treatment. We aimed to evaluate the use and the early and late outcomes impact of drugs administered before and in acute ischaemic stroke in a real world practice.

Material and methods

Ischaemic stroke patients hospitalized between 1st March 2007 and 29th February 2008 and reported in Polish Hospital Stroke Registry were analysed. Fully anonymous data were collected with standardized, web-based questionnaire with authorized access. Multivariate regression models were used to adjust for case-mix and evaluate the impact of drugs used prior to or in acute ischaemic stroke on outcomes. The early outcomes were defined as in-hospital mortality or poor outcome (death or dependency – modified Rankin Scale ≥ 3) at hospital discharge, while late outcomes covered one-year survival.


A total number of 26 153 ischaemic stroke patients (mean age: 71.8 years; females: 51.6%) was reported. The analysis of pharmacotherapy showed that preventive use of hypotensive agents, anticoagulants in atrial fibrillation, antiplatelets and statins is inadequate. Regression models confirmed some expected drug benefits and additionally revealed that antihypertensive drugs or aspirin used prior to stroke and oral anticoagulants or statins used in hospital were associated with better stroke outcome.


The prevention of ischaemic stroke needs to be monitored and improved. Evidence-based treatment of acute ischaemic stroke requires further promotion. The benefits of acute ischaemic stroke treatment with statins require to be confirmed in randomized controlled settings.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska