Vol 47, No 3 (2013)

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Influence of physiotherapy on severity of motor symptoms and quality of life in patients with Parkinson disease

Joanna Cholewa1, Magdalena Boczarska-Jedynak2, Grzegorz Opala2
DOI: 10.5114/ninp.2013.35774
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2013;47(3):256-262.

Abstract

Background and purpose

Parkinson disease (PD) is one of the most frequent diseases of the central nervous system. Rehabilitation is one of the factors which may help the patients to maintain higher physical activity in everyday life. The aim of this work was to evaluate the influence of movement rehabilitation on severity of motor symptoms in PD patients.

Material and methods

The study included 70 patients suffering from PD according to the Hoehn and Yahr scale. Patients’ clinical status was assessed with Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) parts I-III. Additionally, activity of daily living was evaluated with the Schwab and England scale. The quality of life was evaluated by the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39). The examinations were conducted before and after the twelve weeks of the experiment. Patients included in the intervention group (n = 40) took part in 60-minute rehabilitation exercises twice a week, which were aimed at increasing movement ranges, balance improvement, movement agility and walking. The main emphasis was placed on the ability to cope with daily activities.

Results

A significant difference in scores of given scales before and after the 12-week period was observed in the intervention group: UPDRS part I score decreased by 17.31%, part II decreased by 22.2%, part III decreased by 18.96%, and PDQ-39 score decreased by 17.12%. Mean score of the Schwab and England scale increased by 9.69%, indicating an improved quality of life.

Conclusions

The applied rehabilitation programme decreased the severity of motor symptoms in patients with PD.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska