open access

Vol 45, No 4 (2011)
OPIS PRZYPADKU
Submitted: 2010-08-21
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Fatal outcome of tick-borne encephalitis – a case series

Joanna Zajkowska, Piotr Czupryna, Sławomir Pancewicz, Anna Adamczyk-Przychodzeń, Maciej Kondrusik, Sambor Grygorczuk, Anna Moniuszko
DOI: 10.1016/S0028-3843(14)60113-4
·
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2011;45(4):402-406.

open access

Vol 45, No 4 (2011)
OPIS PRZYPADKU
Submitted: 2010-08-21

Abstract

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a disease which may present as meningitis, encephalomeningitis and myeloencephalomeningitis. The course of the disease is usually mild although it may result in the patient's death in 1–4% of cases. Patients with myeloencephalomeningitis are the most endangered group, but also encephalomeningitis may have a fatal outcome. There are many risk factors which influence the severity of TBE, including patient's age, immunosuppression and concomitant diseases. We present four cases of patients who died because of TBE. The aim of the paper was to underline that in elderly patients or patients suffering from chronic diseases and additional infections, special attention should be paid to their treatment, including mechanical ventilation and steroid use.

Abstract

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a disease which may present as meningitis, encephalomeningitis and myeloencephalomeningitis. The course of the disease is usually mild although it may result in the patient's death in 1–4% of cases. Patients with myeloencephalomeningitis are the most endangered group, but also encephalomeningitis may have a fatal outcome. There are many risk factors which influence the severity of TBE, including patient's age, immunosuppression and concomitant diseases. We present four cases of patients who died because of TBE. The aim of the paper was to underline that in elderly patients or patients suffering from chronic diseases and additional infections, special attention should be paid to their treatment, including mechanical ventilation and steroid use.

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Keywords

tick-borne encephalitis, sequelae, encephalitis, fatal outcome

About this article
Title

Fatal outcome of tick-borne encephalitis – a case series

Journal

Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska

Issue

Vol 45, No 4 (2011)

Pages

402-406

DOI

10.1016/S0028-3843(14)60113-4

Bibliographic record

Neurol Neurochir Pol 2011;45(4):402-406.

Keywords

tick-borne encephalitis
sequelae
encephalitis
fatal outcome

Authors

Joanna Zajkowska
Piotr Czupryna
Sławomir Pancewicz
Anna Adamczyk-Przychodzeń
Maciej Kondrusik
Sambor Grygorczuk
Anna Moniuszko

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