Vol 45, No 3 (2011)

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Prospective study on the efficacy of low-field intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging in neurosurgical operations

Marcin Czyż1, Paweł Tabakow1, Bogusława Lechowicz-Głogowska1, Włodzimierz Jarmundowicz1
DOI: 10.1016/S0028-3843(14)60075-X
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2011;45(3):226-234.

Abstract

Background and purpose

The application of intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) is related to a series of challenges of both a technical and an organizational nature. We present our experience in the application of low-field iMRI in everyday neurosurgical practice.

Material and methods

A group of 58 patients operated on using low-field iMRI was subject to prospective controlled observation. The significance of differences in the range of preparation time, duration and direct operation results between the iMRI group and controls was analysed. The influence of epidemiological and demographic factors and technical aspects related to iMRI application on direct outcome of the surgery was assessed.

Results

Twenty-eight tumour resections using craniotomy, 17 transsphenoidal resections of pituitary adenomas and 13 stereotactic procedures were conducted in the group of 24 men and 34 women operated on using iMRI. The control group was not significantly different in terms of epidemiological and demographic factors. The preparation and operation times were significantly longer in the iMRI group (p < 0.001 and p = 0.002, respectively). Longer duration of the surgery was not related to an increased frequency of complications. A higher percentage of postoperative improvement in neurological status (31% vs. 14%, p = 0.045), lower complication percentage (10% vs. 28%, p = 0.03) and a similar time of hospitalization (13 ± 7 vs. 12 ± 4 days, p = 0.33) were noted in the iMRI group.

Conclusions

The application of low-field iMRI prolongs the duration of neurosurgical procedures but does not negatively influence their safety. It is associated with above-average functional results and a lower percentage of total complications.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska