Vol 44, No 6 (2010)

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Thalamic deep brain stimulation for tremor among multiple sclerosis patients

Tomasz Mandat1, Henryk Koziara1, Marcin Tutaj23, Rafał Rola4, Wiesław Bonicki1, Paweł Nauman5
DOI: 10.1016/S0028-3843(14)60150-X
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2010;44(6):542-545.

Abstract

Background and purpose

Disabling tremor might be the main cause of disability of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Neuromodulation with deep brain stimulation of the thalamic nucleus ventralis intermedius (Vim DBS) is a well accepted method of neurosurgical treatment of tremor related to essential tremor or Parkinson disease. Vim DBS is not widely used to control MS tremor.

Material and methods

Five MS patients with tremor (3 females and 2 males) were treated with Vim DBS. Age at implantation was 37 ± 5 years. MS lasted from 5 to 12 years (mean 6) and tremor was the main cause of disability of those patients from 2 to 5 years (mean 3) before surgery. Clinical condition of the group was evaluated with spirography, the modified Fahn scale and the modified Activity of Daily Living (ADL) scale. Evaluations were performed before surgery and 3 months after surgery. MRI exclusion criteria were the presence of a thalamic hyperintense signal in T2-weighted images or ventricular enlargement. The procedures of implantation were performed under local and general anaesthesia.

Results

Intensity of contralateral limb tremor during intraoperative macrostimulation was reduced in the whole group. The therapeutic effect of DBS was maintained at three-month follow-up. Mean contralateral limb tremor reduction was 40%. Mean ADL score improved by 18%. No mortality or morbidity was reported in the group.

Conclusions

The study confirms the value and safety of Vim DBS for treatment of MS-related tremor. Further study on a larger population and introduction of a qualification protocol might increase efficacy of the treatment.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska