open access

Vol 10, No 1 (2017)
Review paper
Published online: 2017-04-04
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Will radio frequency identification system replace bar codes in labelling of blood components?

Anna Rogowska, Piotr Radziwon
Journal of Transfusion Medicine 2017;10(1):19-29.

open access

Vol 10, No 1 (2017)
REVIEWS
Published online: 2017-04-04

Abstract

In radio frequency identification systems (RFID) blood component bags are labelled with tags. Electromagnetic waves activate tags or modify the data stored in their memory. The activated tags send out the information previously written to their memory. The information is then received by the reader and transmitted to a computer software. RFID can be used to identify, monitor the status of blood and blood components from the donation
through preparation of components, release, transport and storage until delivery to the
blood bank or ward.
The advantage of RFID system is the ability of component identification from the distance, and in an environment where barcodes can be damaged and become unreadable. RFID systems offer also identification of multiple components at the same time. The thermal effect of electromagnetic waves on the blood cells and tissues is well known and may be considered as an important element that may affect the storage conditions of blood components. There are no other credible scientific and medical reports of adverse health effect of radio waves. The International Society for Blood Transfusion Working Party on Information Technology (ISBT WPIT) developed guidelines for the safe operation of RFID in transfusion medicine. According to this guidelines passive transponders (electronic label), operating in the HF band of 13.56 MHz may be used for identification of blood components. Other authors suggest the possibility of safety use of UHF band of 915 MHz.

Abstract

In radio frequency identification systems (RFID) blood component bags are labelled with tags. Electromagnetic waves activate tags or modify the data stored in their memory. The activated tags send out the information previously written to their memory. The information is then received by the reader and transmitted to a computer software. RFID can be used to identify, monitor the status of blood and blood components from the donation
through preparation of components, release, transport and storage until delivery to the
blood bank or ward.
The advantage of RFID system is the ability of component identification from the distance, and in an environment where barcodes can be damaged and become unreadable. RFID systems offer also identification of multiple components at the same time. The thermal effect of electromagnetic waves on the blood cells and tissues is well known and may be considered as an important element that may affect the storage conditions of blood components. There are no other credible scientific and medical reports of adverse health effect of radio waves. The International Society for Blood Transfusion Working Party on Information Technology (ISBT WPIT) developed guidelines for the safe operation of RFID in transfusion medicine. According to this guidelines passive transponders (electronic label), operating in the HF band of 13.56 MHz may be used for identification of blood components. Other authors suggest the possibility of safety use of UHF band of 915 MHz.

Get Citation

Keywords

radio frequency identification; RFID; bar codes; electronic labels

About this article
Title

Will radio frequency identification system replace bar codes in labelling of blood components?

Journal

Journal of Transfusion Medicine

Issue

Vol 10, No 1 (2017)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

19-29

Published online

2017-04-04

Bibliographic record

Journal of Transfusion Medicine 2017;10(1):19-29.

Keywords

radio frequency identification
RFID
bar codes
electronic labels

Authors

Anna Rogowska
Piotr Radziwon

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