open access

Vol 8, No 3 (2015)
Research paper
Published online: 2015-09-30
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Analysis of demographic data and motivation of potential donors of hematopoietic stem cells

Aleksandra Dąbrowska, Aleksandra Rosiek, Aleksandra Czajkowska, Lech Rzymkiewicz, Monika Grzegorek, Magdalena Łętowska
Journal of Transfusion Medicine 2015;8(3):81-96.

open access

Vol 8, No 3 (2015)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2015-09-30

Abstract

Background: Recruitment of potential donors of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) at the Institute of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine is accomplished with on-line informative campaigns conducted by IHTM Bone Marrow Donor Center. The Institute also collaborates with two Regional Blood Transfusion Centers (RBTC) in Kraków and Kalisz.

Material and methods: Based on the data from specially prepared questionnaires we evaluated the demographic profile and motivation of 540 persons registered in IHTM Bone Marrow Donor Center in 2011–2014. The study involved 270 persons who reported at the IHTM Bone Marrow Donor Center on their own initiative as well as 270 volunteer blood donors recruited by the two RBTCs.

Results: Analysis of questionnaire data revealed that women constituted the majority of persons registered directly at the IHTM Bone Marrow Donor Center (59.3%) whereas most of those recruited at the RBTCs were men 62.6%). In the group reporting directly to the IHTM Bone Marrow Donor Center the majority were in the 25–40 year range (62.2%), while most of those recruited by the RBTCs were within the 18–25 year range (50.7%); persons of 25–40 were 43.7%. Almost 80% of the candidates reporting to the IHTM Bone Marrow Donor Center on their own initiative were white-collar workers, students and free lancers (68% with university, technical or bachelor degree). The largest group recruited by RBTCs were studying young people; as well as blue-collar workers; mostly with upper secondary (43.3%), lower secondary (21.5%) and higher education (17.8%).

Conclusions: Almost all potential donors of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) declared eagerness to help others and their decision to register was usually dictated by altruistic reasons such as saving someone’s life or helping the sick. The most frequently indicated sources of information on bone marrow donation were mass media and campaigns promoting HSC donation. Further development and strengthening of such methods of promotion seems therefore fully justified.  

Abstract

Background: Recruitment of potential donors of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) at the Institute of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine is accomplished with on-line informative campaigns conducted by IHTM Bone Marrow Donor Center. The Institute also collaborates with two Regional Blood Transfusion Centers (RBTC) in Kraków and Kalisz.

Material and methods: Based on the data from specially prepared questionnaires we evaluated the demographic profile and motivation of 540 persons registered in IHTM Bone Marrow Donor Center in 2011–2014. The study involved 270 persons who reported at the IHTM Bone Marrow Donor Center on their own initiative as well as 270 volunteer blood donors recruited by the two RBTCs.

Results: Analysis of questionnaire data revealed that women constituted the majority of persons registered directly at the IHTM Bone Marrow Donor Center (59.3%) whereas most of those recruited at the RBTCs were men 62.6%). In the group reporting directly to the IHTM Bone Marrow Donor Center the majority were in the 25–40 year range (62.2%), while most of those recruited by the RBTCs were within the 18–25 year range (50.7%); persons of 25–40 were 43.7%. Almost 80% of the candidates reporting to the IHTM Bone Marrow Donor Center on their own initiative were white-collar workers, students and free lancers (68% with university, technical or bachelor degree). The largest group recruited by RBTCs were studying young people; as well as blue-collar workers; mostly with upper secondary (43.3%), lower secondary (21.5%) and higher education (17.8%).

Conclusions: Almost all potential donors of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) declared eagerness to help others and their decision to register was usually dictated by altruistic reasons such as saving someone’s life or helping the sick. The most frequently indicated sources of information on bone marrow donation were mass media and campaigns promoting HSC donation. Further development and strengthening of such methods of promotion seems therefore fully justified.  

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Keywords

bone marrow donor registry, unrelated hematopoietic stem cell donor, voluntary blood donor, demographic profile, motivation for donation of hematopoietic stem cells

About this article
Title

Analysis of demographic data and motivation of potential donors of hematopoietic stem cells

Journal

Journal of Transfusion Medicine

Issue

Vol 8, No 3 (2015)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

81-96

Published online

2015-09-30

Bibliographic record

Journal of Transfusion Medicine 2015;8(3):81-96.

Keywords

bone marrow donor registry
unrelated hematopoietic stem cell donor
voluntary blood donor
demographic profile
motivation for donation of hematopoietic stem cells

Authors

Aleksandra Dąbrowska
Aleksandra Rosiek
Aleksandra Czajkowska
Lech Rzymkiewicz
Monika Grzegorek
Magdalena Łętowska

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