open access

Vol 6, No 3 (2013)
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West Nile Virus as a threat to transfusion safety

Katarzyna Tkaczuk, Elżbieta L achert, Ewa Sulkowska, Ryszard Pogłód, Magdalena Łętowska, Piotr Grabarczyk
Journal of Transfusion Medicine 2013;6(3):69-84.

open access

Vol 6, No 3 (2013)
REVIEWS

Abstract

In the twenty-first century the West Nile Virus (WNV) has become the focus of attention as
result of its expansion on all continents associated with its great adaptability. This pathogen
has been known for 75 years but has recently been observed to have significant impact on
ecosystems and human economy. It has therefore become a serious threat to public health.
The paper is a review of the epidemiological condition in light of current knowledge on the
environmental spread of WNV and particularly on the transmission to humans. We present
the course of WNV infection and the review of diagnostic methods which are crucial for proper
identification of infected people (both patients and asymptomatic donors of blood and tissues).
The major preventive measures have been discussed including restrictive criteria of donor selection,
methods of identifying infected persons, effective inactivation methods and availability
of effective vaccines.

Abstract

In the twenty-first century the West Nile Virus (WNV) has become the focus of attention as
result of its expansion on all continents associated with its great adaptability. This pathogen
has been known for 75 years but has recently been observed to have significant impact on
ecosystems and human economy. It has therefore become a serious threat to public health.
The paper is a review of the epidemiological condition in light of current knowledge on the
environmental spread of WNV and particularly on the transmission to humans. We present
the course of WNV infection and the review of diagnostic methods which are crucial for proper
identification of infected people (both patients and asymptomatic donors of blood and tissues).
The major preventive measures have been discussed including restrictive criteria of donor selection,
methods of identifying infected persons, effective inactivation methods and availability
of effective vaccines.
Get Citation

Keywords

West Nile Virus, WNV, blood donors, transfusion safety

About this article
Title

West Nile Virus as a threat to transfusion safety

Journal

Journal of Transfusion Medicine

Issue

Vol 6, No 3 (2013)

Pages

69-84

Bibliographic record

Journal of Transfusion Medicine 2013;6(3):69-84.

Keywords

West Nile Virus
WNV
blood donors
transfusion safety

Authors

Katarzyna Tkaczuk
Elżbieta L achert
Ewa Sulkowska
Ryszard Pogłód
Magdalena Łętowska
Piotr Grabarczyk

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