open access

Vol 65, No 1 (2014)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original articles
Published online: 2014-03-24
Submitted: 2014-03-24
Accepted: 2014-03-24
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Oral health status of fishermen and non-fishermen community of Kutch district, Gujarat, India: a comparative study

Kailash Asawa, Piyush Pujara, Mridula Tak, Ramesh Nagarajappa, Pankaj Aapaliya, Nikhil Bhanushali, Prashant Mishra, Abhishek Sharma
DOI: 10.5603/MH.2014.0001
·
International Maritime Health 2014;65(1):1-6.

open access

Vol 65, No 1 (2014)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original articles
Published online: 2014-03-24
Submitted: 2014-03-24
Accepted: 2014-03-24

Abstract

Background: Fishing is one such hazardous occupation, which involves irregular diet, stress, alcoholism, tobacco and pernicious habits. Fishermen have lower socio-economic status and their illiteracy adds to their poor oral hygiene, which may influence general and oral health.

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess and compare the oral health status of fishermen and non-fishermen population of Kutch District, Gujarat, India.

Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess and compare the oral health status of the fishermen and non-fishermen community of Mundra taluka of Kutch district, Gujarat, India, from January 2013 to June 2013.

Results: Fishermen had significantly higher periodontal disease and dental caries than non-fishermen group (p = 0.001). Malocclusion was significantly higher in non-fishermen group (p = 0.001). Extraction was the most prevalent treatment need among both groups. Occupation and educational status were respectively identified as the best predictors for dental caries and periodontal disease.

Conclusions: Findings of the present study suggest that oral health status of the fishermen population wasrelatively poor, with high caries prevalence and poor periodontal health when compared to the non-fishermen population. In the light of high treatment needs of the study population, health policy that emphasises oral health promotion and prevention would seem more advantageous in addition to traditional curative care.

Abstract

Background: Fishing is one such hazardous occupation, which involves irregular diet, stress, alcoholism, tobacco and pernicious habits. Fishermen have lower socio-economic status and their illiteracy adds to their poor oral hygiene, which may influence general and oral health.

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess and compare the oral health status of fishermen and non-fishermen population of Kutch District, Gujarat, India.

Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess and compare the oral health status of the fishermen and non-fishermen community of Mundra taluka of Kutch district, Gujarat, India, from January 2013 to June 2013.

Results: Fishermen had significantly higher periodontal disease and dental caries than non-fishermen group (p = 0.001). Malocclusion was significantly higher in non-fishermen group (p = 0.001). Extraction was the most prevalent treatment need among both groups. Occupation and educational status were respectively identified as the best predictors for dental caries and periodontal disease.

Conclusions: Findings of the present study suggest that oral health status of the fishermen population wasrelatively poor, with high caries prevalence and poor periodontal health when compared to the non-fishermen population. In the light of high treatment needs of the study population, health policy that emphasises oral health promotion and prevention would seem more advantageous in addition to traditional curative care.

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Keywords

cross-sectional, fishermen, Kutch, oral health

About this article
Title

Oral health status of fishermen and non-fishermen community of Kutch district, Gujarat, India: a comparative study

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 65, No 1 (2014)

Pages

1-6

Published online

2014-03-24

DOI

10.5603/MH.2014.0001

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2014;65(1):1-6.

Keywords

cross-sectional
fishermen
Kutch
oral health

Authors

Kailash Asawa
Piyush Pujara
Mridula Tak
Ramesh Nagarajappa
Pankaj Aapaliya
Nikhil Bhanushali
Prashant Mishra
Abhishek Sharma

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