open access

Vol 70, No 4 (2019)
MARITIME/OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE Original article
Published online: 2019-12-24
Submitted: 2019-03-02
Accepted: 2019-11-25
Get Citation

Health status of a sample of Beninese seafarers examined on the occasion of medical fitness for work at sea

Paul Ahoumènou Ayelo, Brice Loddé
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2019.0036
·
Pubmed: 31891176
·
International Maritime Health 2019;70(4):226-231.

open access

Vol 70, No 4 (2019)
MARITIME/OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE Original article
Published online: 2019-12-24
Submitted: 2019-03-02
Accepted: 2019-11-25

Abstract

Background: In view of the considerable risks involved in maritime work, the medical fitness of seafarers is of paramount importance. A study carried out in May 2018 in Benin made it possible to describe the health profile of seafarers who received a medical examination before boarding and to identify the diseases likely to hinder their medical aptitude for this profession.

Materials and methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study that was based on 125 medical files registered from 2013 to 2017 and selected on the basis of the criteria of completeness, readability and non-overload of the entries.

Results: The results showed that more than half (63.2%) of the seafarers in our series are over 40 years old. The prevalence of high blood pressure was 28.4% in the seafarer population. Obesity was detected in 21.5% of subjects. Of the moderate cases of hearing loss found, 4 out of 5 worked at the machine station. The unrestricted fitness level was 86.4%. One (0.8%) case of physical restriction and 12.8% of cases of mandatory wearing of medical glasses at work were reported. The “healthy worker effect” may underestimate the risk of marine activity to the health of seafarers when referring to the general population.

Conclusions: The study provides opportunities to improve the seafarers’ health situation in accordance with international provisions such as the Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 (MLC, 2006) ratified by Benin in June 2011.

Abstract

Background: In view of the considerable risks involved in maritime work, the medical fitness of seafarers is of paramount importance. A study carried out in May 2018 in Benin made it possible to describe the health profile of seafarers who received a medical examination before boarding and to identify the diseases likely to hinder their medical aptitude for this profession.

Materials and methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study that was based on 125 medical files registered from 2013 to 2017 and selected on the basis of the criteria of completeness, readability and non-overload of the entries.

Results: The results showed that more than half (63.2%) of the seafarers in our series are over 40 years old. The prevalence of high blood pressure was 28.4% in the seafarer population. Obesity was detected in 21.5% of subjects. Of the moderate cases of hearing loss found, 4 out of 5 worked at the machine station. The unrestricted fitness level was 86.4%. One (0.8%) case of physical restriction and 12.8% of cases of mandatory wearing of medical glasses at work were reported. The “healthy worker effect” may underestimate the risk of marine activity to the health of seafarers when referring to the general population.

Conclusions: The study provides opportunities to improve the seafarers’ health situation in accordance with international provisions such as the Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 (MLC, 2006) ratified by Benin in June 2011.

Get Citation

Keywords

work, sea, fitness, disease

About this article
Title

Health status of a sample of Beninese seafarers examined on the occasion of medical fitness for work at sea

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 70, No 4 (2019)

Pages

226-231

Published online

2019-12-24

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2019.0036

Pubmed

31891176

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2019;70(4):226-231.

Keywords

work
sea
fitness
disease

Authors

Paul Ahoumènou Ayelo
Brice Loddé

References (10)
  1. Sauvage T. «La mer est dangereuse, n’en rajoutez pas». Travail et sécurité. 2014; 756: 10–12.
  2. Jégaden D, Dewitte JD. De l’hygiène navale à la médecine du travail maritime. Arch Mal Prof Env. 2007; 68(3): 219–222.
  3. Gollac M, Volkoff S. La santé au travail et ses masques. Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales. 2006; 163(4): 17.
  4. Crasset O. « On se fait mal un peu tous les jours », l’effet travailleur sain chez les maréchaux-ferrants. Travail et emploi. 2013(136): 5–20.
  5. Houinato DS, Gbary AR, Houehanou YC, et al. Prevalence of hypertension and associated risk factors in Benin. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 2012; 60(2): 95–102.
  6. Hjarnoe L, Leppin A. A risky occupation? (Un)healthy lifestyle behaviors among Danish seafarers. Health Promot Int. 2014; 29(4): 720–729.
  7. OIT-OMI. Directives relatives aux examens médicaux des gens de mer. Programme des activités sectorielles. ILO/IMO/JMS/2011/12. ISBN: 978-92-2-225559-7, Genève, 2011.
  8. Zevallos J, Hulshof CT, Mutsaerts T, et al. Outcomes of seafarer work fitness qualifications in the Netherlands. Occup Med (Lond). 2014; 64(4): 267–270.
  9. Jégaden D, Dewitte JD, Loddé B. L’aptitude à la navigation maritime: une véritable évaluation des risques de maladie. Arch Mal Prof Env. 2005; 66(4): 318–325.
  10. Oldenburg M. Risk of cardiovascular diseases in seafarers. Int Marit Health. 2014; 65(2): 53–57.

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl