open access

Vol 70, No 4 (2019)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original articles
Published online: 2019-12-24
Submitted: 2019-06-28
Accepted: 2019-11-07
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Exposure to fumigants in containers: a questionnaire assessment on 125 French dockers

David Lucas, Lygia T. Budnik, Xaver Baur
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2019.0031
·
Pubmed: 31891171
·
International Maritime Health 2019;70(4):195-201.

open access

Vol 70, No 4 (2019)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original articles
Published online: 2019-12-24
Submitted: 2019-06-28
Accepted: 2019-11-07

Abstract

Background: Cases of intoxications to gas from container’s atmosphere have been described. For diagnosis, Fum Ex 2 questionnaire has been developed by the European Society for Environmental and Occupational Medicine. The aim of this study was to enhance knowledge on health effects of toxic substances in containers and to validate this questionnaire in medical follow-up and diagnosis.

Materials and methods: In 2014, 125 French dockers answered the questionnaire in a face-to-face interview. Results: 83.5% declared no exposure to fumigants or pesticides. Most frequently declared symptoms were fatigue and neurological disorders for dockers and respiratory irritation for refrigeration technicians. Only 28 workers wore regularly individual protection equipment.

Conclusions: A “healthy worker” effect could explain low level of symptoms. Fum Ex 2 questionnaire is relevant for diagnosis. Workers in all steps of the logistic transport chain and consumers are exposed to containers’ atmosphere.

Abstract

Background: Cases of intoxications to gas from container’s atmosphere have been described. For diagnosis, Fum Ex 2 questionnaire has been developed by the European Society for Environmental and Occupational Medicine. The aim of this study was to enhance knowledge on health effects of toxic substances in containers and to validate this questionnaire in medical follow-up and diagnosis.

Materials and methods: In 2014, 125 French dockers answered the questionnaire in a face-to-face interview. Results: 83.5% declared no exposure to fumigants or pesticides. Most frequently declared symptoms were fatigue and neurological disorders for dockers and respiratory irritation for refrigeration technicians. Only 28 workers wore regularly individual protection equipment.

Conclusions: A “healthy worker” effect could explain low level of symptoms. Fum Ex 2 questionnaire is relevant for diagnosis. Workers in all steps of the logistic transport chain and consumers are exposed to containers’ atmosphere.

Get Citation

Keywords

dockers, fumigants, container, occupational toxicology, maritime health

About this article
Title

Exposure to fumigants in containers: a questionnaire assessment on 125 French dockers

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 70, No 4 (2019)

Pages

195-201

Published online

2019-12-24

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2019.0031

Pubmed

31891171

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2019;70(4):195-201.

Keywords

dockers
fumigants
container
occupational toxicology
maritime health

Authors

David Lucas
Lygia T. Budnik
Xaver Baur

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