open access

Vol 70, No 2 (2019)
MARITIME/OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE Original article
Published online: 2019-06-25
Submitted: 2019-04-26
Accepted: 2019-06-05
Get Citation

Fatal and serious injuries on board merchant cargo ships

Erkan Çakır
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2019.0018
·
Pubmed: 31237671
·
International Maritime Health 2019;70(2):113-118.

open access

Vol 70, No 2 (2019)
MARITIME/OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE Original article
Published online: 2019-06-25
Submitted: 2019-04-26
Accepted: 2019-06-05

Abstract

Background: Merchant seafaring is one the most dangerous occupation over the world which hosts the physical, ergonomic, chemical, biological, psychological and social elements, which could lead to occupa- tional accidents, injuries and diseases. Therefore, it is a field that should be studied on meticulously and frequently. The aim of this study is to investigate the frequency, circumstances, and causes of occupational accidents on board merchant cargo ships and to identify the risks factors during the daily routine works and dangerous works to be fulfilled. 

Materials and methods: Data used in this study obtained various occupational accident reports issued by countries’ accident investigation units or maritime authorities such as Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB), Marine Safety Investigation Unit (MSIU) and Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB). A total of 331 reports met the inclusion criteria for the 11-year period from 2006 to 2016. Descriptive statistics were given related to data and chi-square analysis was used to test for significant association between categorical variables (seafarer’s age, accident type and etc.) and injury severity. 

Results: Several findings were notable in this study. Ratings (63.5%) were the most affected group suffe- red from occupational injuries among the crew and the most critical cause of occupational accidents was found the dangerous work practices and ignorance of rules and instructions.

Conclusions: Occupational accidents are still crucial concern in maritime industry which imposes a major burden on both seafarers and shipping companies. Reduction in occupational injuries could be achieved by improving the working environment and the quality of life on board, mitigating the mental and physical burden of work and developing policies to encourage the seafarers to obey safety rules and instructions. 

Abstract

Background: Merchant seafaring is one the most dangerous occupation over the world which hosts the physical, ergonomic, chemical, biological, psychological and social elements, which could lead to occupa- tional accidents, injuries and diseases. Therefore, it is a field that should be studied on meticulously and frequently. The aim of this study is to investigate the frequency, circumstances, and causes of occupational accidents on board merchant cargo ships and to identify the risks factors during the daily routine works and dangerous works to be fulfilled. 

Materials and methods: Data used in this study obtained various occupational accident reports issued by countries’ accident investigation units or maritime authorities such as Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB), Marine Safety Investigation Unit (MSIU) and Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB). A total of 331 reports met the inclusion criteria for the 11-year period from 2006 to 2016. Descriptive statistics were given related to data and chi-square analysis was used to test for significant association between categorical variables (seafarer’s age, accident type and etc.) and injury severity. 

Results: Several findings were notable in this study. Ratings (63.5%) were the most affected group suffe- red from occupational injuries among the crew and the most critical cause of occupational accidents was found the dangerous work practices and ignorance of rules and instructions.

Conclusions: Occupational accidents are still crucial concern in maritime industry which imposes a major burden on both seafarers and shipping companies. Reduction in occupational injuries could be achieved by improving the working environment and the quality of life on board, mitigating the mental and physical burden of work and developing policies to encourage the seafarers to obey safety rules and instructions. 

Get Citation

Keywords

injury severity; seafarers; merchant cargo ships; occupational risks

About this article
Title

Fatal and serious injuries on board merchant cargo ships

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 70, No 2 (2019)

Pages

113-118

Published online

2019-06-25

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2019.0018

Pubmed

31237671

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2019;70(2):113-118.

Keywords

injury severity
seafarers
merchant cargo ships
occupational risks

Authors

Erkan Çakır

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