open access

Vol 69, No 2 (2018)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original articles
Published online: 2018-06-22
Submitted: 2018-03-13
Accepted: 2018-06-12
Get Citation

Prevalence of consumption of psychoactive substances amongst dockers

Omar Laraqui, Nadia Manar, Salwa Laraqui, Tarik Ghailan, Souad Charioui, Frédéric Deschamps, Chakib El Houssine Laraqui
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2018.0017
·
Pubmed: 29939388
·
International Maritime Health 2018;69(2):118-125.

open access

Vol 69, No 2 (2018)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original articles
Published online: 2018-06-22
Submitted: 2018-03-13
Accepted: 2018-06-12

Abstract

Background: Dockers in the port facilities are exposed to significant psychosocial risks (stress, suffering at
work, etc.) related to heavy organisational, environmental, physical, chemical constraints, etc. These workers
are particularly affected by the consumption of psychoactive substances because of the dangerousness
and complexity of their work. To what extent can these numerous occupational risks be at the origin of
behaviour favouring the consumption of psychoactive substances? However, in our country no study has
investigated toxic habits in this population. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of the
use and misuse of psychoactive substances amongst dockers, and to appreciate the poly-consumption
according to socio-demographic and occupational characteristics.


Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 665 dockers. The interview took
place at the occupational health service and lasted between 15 and 20 minutes for each person respecting
the confidentiality. The questionnaire covered socio-demographic characteristics, socio-professional
characteristics, and toxic habits (tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and others psychotropic substances). The
misuse was assessed by specific tests: Fagerström test for tobacco smoking, Cannabis Abuse Screening
Test (CAST) and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT).


Results: The prevalence of use was 30.5% for tobacco smoking, 9.1% for cannabis smoking, and 16.5%
for alcohol consumption. The prevalence of toxic habits was significantly higher in handlers than in machinery
operators: tobacco smoking (39.7% vs. 27%; p = 0.002), snuff tobacco (12.5% vs. 4.6%; p = 0.001),
hookah (7.6% vs. 2%; p = 0.001), cannabis smoking (20.6% vs. 4.5%; p = 0.001) and alcohol consumption
(22.3% vs. 14.3%; p = 0.019). Amongst consumers, the prevalence of dependence or misuse was 45.3%
for tobacco smoking, 56.7% for cannabis smoking and 44.5% for alcohol consumption. Fifty-two point five
per cent had no toxic habit, 36.7% had one toxic habit, 9.9% two toxic habits, and 0.9% three toxic habits.
The most frequent associations were tobacco-alcohol (6.5%), and tobacco-cannabis (3%).


Conclusions: Occupational health professionals have to play a key role in raising awareness and fighting
against consumption of psychoactive substances amongst dockers.

Abstract

Background: Dockers in the port facilities are exposed to significant psychosocial risks (stress, suffering at
work, etc.) related to heavy organisational, environmental, physical, chemical constraints, etc. These workers
are particularly affected by the consumption of psychoactive substances because of the dangerousness
and complexity of their work. To what extent can these numerous occupational risks be at the origin of
behaviour favouring the consumption of psychoactive substances? However, in our country no study has
investigated toxic habits in this population. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of the
use and misuse of psychoactive substances amongst dockers, and to appreciate the poly-consumption
according to socio-demographic and occupational characteristics.


Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 665 dockers. The interview took
place at the occupational health service and lasted between 15 and 20 minutes for each person respecting
the confidentiality. The questionnaire covered socio-demographic characteristics, socio-professional
characteristics, and toxic habits (tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and others psychotropic substances). The
misuse was assessed by specific tests: Fagerström test for tobacco smoking, Cannabis Abuse Screening
Test (CAST) and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT).


Results: The prevalence of use was 30.5% for tobacco smoking, 9.1% for cannabis smoking, and 16.5%
for alcohol consumption. The prevalence of toxic habits was significantly higher in handlers than in machinery
operators: tobacco smoking (39.7% vs. 27%; p = 0.002), snuff tobacco (12.5% vs. 4.6%; p = 0.001),
hookah (7.6% vs. 2%; p = 0.001), cannabis smoking (20.6% vs. 4.5%; p = 0.001) and alcohol consumption
(22.3% vs. 14.3%; p = 0.019). Amongst consumers, the prevalence of dependence or misuse was 45.3%
for tobacco smoking, 56.7% for cannabis smoking and 44.5% for alcohol consumption. Fifty-two point five
per cent had no toxic habit, 36.7% had one toxic habit, 9.9% two toxic habits, and 0.9% three toxic habits.
The most frequent associations were tobacco-alcohol (6.5%), and tobacco-cannabis (3%).


Conclusions: Occupational health professionals have to play a key role in raising awareness and fighting
against consumption of psychoactive substances amongst dockers.

Get Citation

Keywords

psychoactive substances, dockers, addictions, poly-consumption

About this article
Title

Prevalence of consumption of psychoactive substances amongst dockers

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 69, No 2 (2018)

Pages

118-125

Published online

2018-06-22

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2018.0017

Pubmed

29939388

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2018;69(2):118-125.

Keywords

psychoactive substances
dockers
addictions
poly-consumption

Authors

Omar Laraqui
Nadia Manar
Salwa Laraqui
Tarik Ghailan
Souad Charioui
Frédéric Deschamps
Chakib El Houssine Laraqui

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