open access

Vol 69, No 2 (2018)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original articles
Published online: 2018-06-22
Submitted: 2018-04-16
Accepted: 2018-06-05
Get Citation

Occupational safety and health in maritime sector in Morocco 60 years after independence: current state, constraints and prospects

Omar Laraqui, Nadia Manar, Salwa Laraqui, Tarik Ghailan, Frédéric Deschamps, Chakib El Houssine Laraqui
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2018.0016
·
Pubmed: 29939387
·
International Maritime Health 2018;69(2):110-117.

open access

Vol 69, No 2 (2018)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original articles
Published online: 2018-06-22
Submitted: 2018-04-16
Accepted: 2018-06-05

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the situation 60 years after independence, to assess
the current state, to highlight the constraints and to propose recommendations for improving occupational
health in the maritime sector.


Materials and methods: This study was based on collecting data of: 1) Legislative texts on occupational
health and safety; 2) Statistics from administrations (Ministry of Health and Ministry of Marine Fisheries),
general medical council of Morocco, scientific societies and associations of occupational health and maritime
medicine; 3) Analysis of a self-questionnaire sent to 22 physicians working in fishermen’s health services
and listed in the yearbook 2017 of the Moroccan Society of Maritime Medicine. It included five sections:
socio-demographic and professional characteristics, training, assessment of activities, constraints in their
exercise and ten priority recommendations to improve the situation.


Results: Health and safety in maritime sector are progressing since the Labour Code of 2004 and the
Convention of December 27, 1996 between the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Marine Fisheries. It
concerns the organisation of a fishermen’s health prevention with the establishment of the fishermen’s health
office at central level and fishermen’s health services at the main ports. However, medical coverage is
still insufficient. Maritime medicine remains an unattractive specialty because the physicians are a poorly
paid and have some difficult working conditions.


Conclusions: The absence of up-to-date synthetic data on safety and health in maritime sectors led us
to carry out this study, which showed some dysfunctions and deficiencies that hinder the promotion of
workers’ health in this sector. The recommendations proposed by the physicians should be the backbone
of any improvement related to occupational health and safety. It is the practitioners themselves who, faced
with their practice, are the best able to disseminate a reflection qualified as ethical, which cannot be
dissociated from their everyday activities.

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the situation 60 years after independence, to assess
the current state, to highlight the constraints and to propose recommendations for improving occupational
health in the maritime sector.


Materials and methods: This study was based on collecting data of: 1) Legislative texts on occupational
health and safety; 2) Statistics from administrations (Ministry of Health and Ministry of Marine Fisheries),
general medical council of Morocco, scientific societies and associations of occupational health and maritime
medicine; 3) Analysis of a self-questionnaire sent to 22 physicians working in fishermen’s health services
and listed in the yearbook 2017 of the Moroccan Society of Maritime Medicine. It included five sections:
socio-demographic and professional characteristics, training, assessment of activities, constraints in their
exercise and ten priority recommendations to improve the situation.


Results: Health and safety in maritime sector are progressing since the Labour Code of 2004 and the
Convention of December 27, 1996 between the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Marine Fisheries. It
concerns the organisation of a fishermen’s health prevention with the establishment of the fishermen’s health
office at central level and fishermen’s health services at the main ports. However, medical coverage is
still insufficient. Maritime medicine remains an unattractive specialty because the physicians are a poorly
paid and have some difficult working conditions.


Conclusions: The absence of up-to-date synthetic data on safety and health in maritime sectors led us
to carry out this study, which showed some dysfunctions and deficiencies that hinder the promotion of
workers’ health in this sector. The recommendations proposed by the physicians should be the backbone
of any improvement related to occupational health and safety. It is the practitioners themselves who, faced
with their practice, are the best able to disseminate a reflection qualified as ethical, which cannot be
dissociated from their everyday activities.

Get Citation

Keywords

maritime sector, safety, health, Morocco

About this article
Title

Occupational safety and health in maritime sector in Morocco 60 years after independence: current state, constraints and prospects

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 69, No 2 (2018)

Pages

110-117

Published online

2018-06-22

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2018.0016

Pubmed

29939387

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2018;69(2):110-117.

Keywords

maritime sector
safety
health
Morocco

Authors

Omar Laraqui
Nadia Manar
Salwa Laraqui
Tarik Ghailan
Frédéric Deschamps
Chakib El Houssine Laraqui

References (23)
  1. Département de la pêche maritime - Ministère de l'agriculture et de la pêche maritime. http://www.mpm.gov.ma/.
  2. Constitution marocaine 2011. Dahir n° 1-11-91 du 29 juillet 2011 portant promulgation du texte de la constitution publié au bulletin officiel du Royaume du Maroc n° 5964 bis du 30 juillet 2011. http://www.amb-maroc.fr/constitution/Nouvelle_Constitution_%20Maroc 2011.pdf.
  3. Laraqui CH. Du droit de la santé des travailleurs au droit à la santé des travailleurs marocains : contraintes et perspectives. Thèse de Doctorat en Droit - Spécialité : droit de la santé (Faculté de droit, Université Lyon 3, 2005; p. 403.
  4. Laraqui CH, Laraqui O, Manar N. Guide pratique de droit de la santé et de la sécurité au travail au Maroc. Casablanca: Dar Al Karaouiine, 2016; p. 469.
  5. Laraqui O, Laraqui S, Manar N, et al. Santé et sécurité au travail au Maroc 60 ans après l’indépendance : état actuel, contraintes et perspectives. Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l'Environnement. 2018; 79(1): 1–9.
  6. Loi n°65-99 relative au code du travail. http://adala.justice.gov.ma/production/ legislation/fr/Nouveautes/code%20du%20travail.pdf.
  7. Loi du 31 mars 1919 relative au code de commerce maritime modified and completed by the law of July 16, 2010. file:///C:/Users/Administrateur/Downloads/CodedeCommerce Maritime.pdf.
  8. Convention de coopération entre le ministère de la Santé et le ministère de la Pêche Maritime. www.mpm.gov.ma/wps/.../L2dBISEvZ0FBIS9nQSEh/.
  9. Laraqui O, Laraqui S, Manar N, et al. Risk-taking behaviours among fishermen in Morocco by the evaluation of "ordalique" functioning. Int Marit Health. 2017; 68(2): 83–89.
  10. Kowalski JM. Les marins et la mort. Actualité d’un mythe. La Revue maritime. 2011; 492: 90–102.
  11. Accidents du travail et maladies professionnelles maritimes en France, Bilan 2014. http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/Accidents-du-travail-et-maladies,46659.html.
  12. Ghailan T, Caubet A, Verger C, et al. Prévalence des accidents du travail dans le secteur de la pêche côtière au Maroc. Actes des 26èmes journées internationales méditerranéennes de médecine de travail. Rennes. 2011.
  13. Laraqui O, Laraqui S, Manar N, et al. Prevalence of consumption of addictive substances amongst Moroccan fishermen. Int Marit Health. 2017; 68(1): 19–25.
  14. Laraqui S, Laraqui O, Manar N, et al. The assessment of seafarers' knowledge, attitudes and practices related to STI/HIV/AIDS in northern Morocco. Int Marit Health. 2017; 68(1): 26–30.
  15. Laraqui O, Hammouda R, Laraqui S, et al. Prevalence of chronic obstructive respiratory diseases amongst fishermen. Int Marit Health. 2018; 69(1): 13–21.
  16. Laraqui O, Manar N, Laraqui S, et al. Prevalence of skin diseases amongst Moroccan fishermen. Int Marit Health. 2018; 69(1): 22–27.
  17. Member Focus: The Moroccan Maritime SAR Organisation. https://international-maritime-rescue.org/98-lifeline-february-2015-english/1122-member-focus-the-moroccan-maritime-sar-organisation.
  18. Joint Order of the Minister of Commerce, Industry, Mines, Crafts and the Merchant Navy and the Minister of Public Health No. 212-61 of July 25, 1962 relating to the conditions of physical fitness to be fulfilled for the practice of underwater fishing (BO No. 2604 of 21 September 1962).
  19. ILO. Ratified conventions by Morocco. http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/fr/ f?p=NORMLEXPUB:11110:0::NO::P11110_COUNTRY_ID:102993.
  20. World health assembly. https://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/UNTS/ Volume%201286/volume-1286-I-10921-English.pdf.
  21. Ibhar program. http://www.mpm.gov.ma/wps/wcm/connect/e7b2cb74-3668-4c95-b470-b6166085af9b/Programme+Ibhar.pdf?MOD=AJPERES.
  22. Halieutis program. http://www.maroc.ma/en/content/halieutis.
  23. Hervé C. Fondements d’une réflexion éthique managériale de santé. Paris: L’Harmattan. 1996: p. 204.

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl