open access

Vol 67, No 2 (2016)
MARITIME/OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE Original article
Published online: 2016-06-28
Submitted: 2016-05-12
Accepted: 2016-05-24
Get Citation

Prevalence of cannabis and cocaine consumption in French fishermen in South Atlantic region in 2012–2013 and its policy consequences

Emmanuel Fort, Thierry Lassiège, Alain Bergeret
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2016.0018
·
Pubmed: 27364174
·
International Maritime Health 2016;67(2):88-96.

open access

Vol 67, No 2 (2016)
MARITIME/OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE Original article
Published online: 2016-06-28
Submitted: 2016-05-12
Accepted: 2016-05-24

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the use of cannabis and cocaine among fishermen followed in occupational medicine in the ports of Aquitaine and Charente-Maritime (Direction interrégionale de la mer Sud-Atlantique [DIRM-SA]).

Materials and methods: Thousand fishermen could be recruited during medical regulatory examination by the occupational physicians and nurses of Occupational Health Department for Seamen.

Results: About 20% of fishermen were former smokers. A third of the fishermen are at risk for excessive drinking according to the AUDIT-C. The prevalence of cannabis experimentation was estimated at 58%. The prevalence of positive urine test for cannabis was 28%. The prevalence of experimentation with cocaine was about 16%. The prevalence of positive urine test for cocaine was 4.5%.

Conclusions: In accordance with its objectives, this study allows objectifying cannabis and cocaine consumption among fishermen. The national rules for fitness at sea have to be modified by introducing the use of urinary tests by occupational physician.

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the use of cannabis and cocaine among fishermen followed in occupational medicine in the ports of Aquitaine and Charente-Maritime (Direction interrégionale de la mer Sud-Atlantique [DIRM-SA]).

Materials and methods: Thousand fishermen could be recruited during medical regulatory examination by the occupational physicians and nurses of Occupational Health Department for Seamen.

Results: About 20% of fishermen were former smokers. A third of the fishermen are at risk for excessive drinking according to the AUDIT-C. The prevalence of cannabis experimentation was estimated at 58%. The prevalence of positive urine test for cannabis was 28%. The prevalence of experimentation with cocaine was about 16%. The prevalence of positive urine test for cocaine was 4.5%.

Conclusions: In accordance with its objectives, this study allows objectifying cannabis and cocaine consumption among fishermen. The national rules for fitness at sea have to be modified by introducing the use of urinary tests by occupational physician.

Get Citation

Keywords

fishermen, drug consumption prevalence, alcohol consumption prevalence, urine test

About this article
Title

Prevalence of cannabis and cocaine consumption in French fishermen in South Atlantic region in 2012–2013 and its policy consequences

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 67, No 2 (2016)

Pages

88-96

Published online

2016-06-28

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2016.0018

Pubmed

27364174

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2016;67(2):88-96.

Keywords

fishermen
drug consumption prevalence
alcohol consumption prevalence
urine test

Authors

Emmanuel Fort
Thierry Lassiège
Alain Bergeret

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