open access

Vol 66, No 1 (2015)
TROPICAL MEDICINE Review articles
Published online: 2015-03-19
Submitted: 2015-03-19
Accepted: 2015-03-19
Get Citation

Neuropsychiatric manifestations of some tropical diseases

Joanna M. Moryś, Maria Jeżewska, Krzysztof Korzeniewski
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2015.0009
·
Pubmed: 25792165
·
International Maritime Health 2015;66(1):30-35.

open access

Vol 66, No 1 (2015)
TROPICAL MEDICINE Review articles
Published online: 2015-03-19
Submitted: 2015-03-19
Accepted: 2015-03-19

Abstract

Some tropical diseases are the direct cause of severe disturbances of cerebral function while others affect only finer cerebral systems controlling fears, anxiety and personality traits. The mechanisms by which psychiatric symptoms are produced in tropical disorders are not any different from the mechanisms that relate to any physical disorders. Neuropsychiatric symptoms may be caused by a number of different mechanisms including bacterial toxins, release of cytokines, hyperthermia, shock (poor perfusion), acute renal insufficiency, pulmonary failure (shock lung), coagulopathy, disruption of the blood-brain barrier, and/or the nest of pathogens into the central nervous system. The following tropical illnesses can be associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms: neurocysticercosis, malaria, trypanosomiasis, dengue, and schistosomiasis. Neurological and psychiatric impairments induced by tropical diseases both represent a major category of invalidating disorders, which cause profound changes in the nervous system functions, often associated with severe sequels or late-onset disturbances. It is therefore important to disseminate knowledge of the neuropsychiatric symptoms accompanying tropical diseases in order to increase the awareness of these problems and challenges.

Abstract

Some tropical diseases are the direct cause of severe disturbances of cerebral function while others affect only finer cerebral systems controlling fears, anxiety and personality traits. The mechanisms by which psychiatric symptoms are produced in tropical disorders are not any different from the mechanisms that relate to any physical disorders. Neuropsychiatric symptoms may be caused by a number of different mechanisms including bacterial toxins, release of cytokines, hyperthermia, shock (poor perfusion), acute renal insufficiency, pulmonary failure (shock lung), coagulopathy, disruption of the blood-brain barrier, and/or the nest of pathogens into the central nervous system. The following tropical illnesses can be associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms: neurocysticercosis, malaria, trypanosomiasis, dengue, and schistosomiasis. Neurological and psychiatric impairments induced by tropical diseases both represent a major category of invalidating disorders, which cause profound changes in the nervous system functions, often associated with severe sequels or late-onset disturbances. It is therefore important to disseminate knowledge of the neuropsychiatric symptoms accompanying tropical diseases in order to increase the awareness of these problems and challenges.

Get Citation

Keywords

tropical diseases, neuropsychiatric symptoms, central nervous system infections

About this article
Title

Neuropsychiatric manifestations of some tropical diseases

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 66, No 1 (2015)

Pages

30-35

Published online

2015-03-19

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2015.0009

Pubmed

25792165

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2015;66(1):30-35.

Keywords

tropical diseases
neuropsychiatric symptoms
central nervous system infections

Authors

Joanna M. Moryś
Maria Jeżewska
Krzysztof Korzeniewski

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