open access

Vol 65, No 4 (2014)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original articles
Published online: 2014-12-16
Submitted: 2014-12-16
Accepted: 2014-12-16
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Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among fishermen of Kutch coast, Gujarat, India

Santhosh Vediyera Chandroth, Harish Kumar Vadakkedath Venugopal, Saji Puthenveetil, Arpitha Jayaram, Jacob Mathews, Nandan Suresh, Abdulaziz Abdullah Al Kheraif, Ravikumar Ramakrishnaiah, Darshan Devang Divakar, Kailash Asawa, Aniruddh Tak, Mridula Tak
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2014.0037
·
International Maritime Health 2014;65(4):192-198.

open access

Vol 65, No 4 (2014)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original articles
Published online: 2014-12-16
Submitted: 2014-12-16
Accepted: 2014-12-16

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among fishermen population in the coastal region of Kutch, Gujarat, India.

Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among the 979 fishermen of Kutch District, Gujarat, India. The proforma included information on demographic details, habits (tobacco and alcohol), oral hygiene practices and presence and location of oral mucosal lesions according to World Health Organisation, 2013. Chi-square test was used for comparisons. Confidence level and p-value were set at 95% and 5%, respectively.

Results: The majority of study population consumed tobacco and alcohol (88.1%) in some or the other form and used chewsticks (42.9%) for cleaning their teeth. Amongst all, 30.03% of the study subjects suffered from oral mucosal lesions. Leukoplakia (13.8%) was found to be the most prevalent lesion. The most affected sites were lips and vermillion border. The prevalence of oral mucosal lesions was found to be significantly associated with age, gender, oral hygiene practices and adverse habits.

Conclusions: Oral mucosal lesions were prevalent among 30.03% of the study population. More detailed studies probing this issue should be conducted and efforts should be directed towards primordial prevention of the conditions.

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among fishermen population in the coastal region of Kutch, Gujarat, India.

Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among the 979 fishermen of Kutch District, Gujarat, India. The proforma included information on demographic details, habits (tobacco and alcohol), oral hygiene practices and presence and location of oral mucosal lesions according to World Health Organisation, 2013. Chi-square test was used for comparisons. Confidence level and p-value were set at 95% and 5%, respectively.

Results: The majority of study population consumed tobacco and alcohol (88.1%) in some or the other form and used chewsticks (42.9%) for cleaning their teeth. Amongst all, 30.03% of the study subjects suffered from oral mucosal lesions. Leukoplakia (13.8%) was found to be the most prevalent lesion. The most affected sites were lips and vermillion border. The prevalence of oral mucosal lesions was found to be significantly associated with age, gender, oral hygiene practices and adverse habits.

Conclusions: Oral mucosal lesions were prevalent among 30.03% of the study population. More detailed studies probing this issue should be conducted and efforts should be directed towards primordial prevention of the conditions.

Get Citation

Keywords

prevalence, oral mucosal lesions, Kutch

About this article
Title

Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among fishermen of Kutch coast, Gujarat, India

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 65, No 4 (2014)

Pages

192-198

Published online

2014-12-16

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2014.0037

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2014;65(4):192-198.

Keywords

prevalence
oral mucosal lesions
Kutch

Authors

Santhosh Vediyera Chandroth
Harish Kumar Vadakkedath Venugopal
Saji Puthenveetil
Arpitha Jayaram
Jacob Mathews
Nandan Suresh
Abdulaziz Abdullah Al Kheraif
Ravikumar Ramakrishnaiah
Darshan Devang Divakar
Kailash Asawa
Aniruddh Tak
Mridula Tak

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