Vol 73, No 4 (2022)
Original article
Published online: 2022-12-28

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The stress model of neuroticism and anxiety symptoms in fishermen

Ke Hu1, Sailan Li2, Hongjuan Jiang3, Juan Yang3
Pubmed: 36583408
IMH 2022;73(4):203-212.

Abstract

Background: Marine fishermen experience high levels of environmental and relationship stress and anxiety.
The current study explored the role of stress in the relationship between neuroticism and anxiety symptoms
among marine fishermen.

Materials and methods: Participants (fishermen from Tanmen in Qionghai city, Hainan Province) completed
three questionnaires: the NEO-Five-Factor Inventory-Neuroticism Subscale (NEO-FFI-N); the Mental Stressor
Investigation Questionnaire (MSIQ); and the Mood and Anxiety Symptoms Questionnaire-30-item-Anxious
Arousal Subscale (MASQ-D30-AA) within 1 week before embarking on a fishing trip and then again within
1 week after their return to port. The data were subjected to correlational analyses and structural equation
modelling.

Results: Positive correlations were found between NEO-FF-N (neuroticism) score, MSIQ score (total stress),
MSIQ work-relationship score, ship environmental stress score, and MASQ score (anxiety symptoms). Regression
analyses showed environmental stress had a significant moderating effect on the relationship
between neuroticism and anxiety symptoms, and further analysis showed a mediating effect of work-relationship
stress on the relationship between neuroticism and anxiety symptoms.

Conclusions: Marine fishermen with high environmental stress had greater anxiety symptoms than those
with low environmental stress. Neuroticism in marine fishermen further affects anxiety symptoms by affecting
the level of work-relationship stress.

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