open access

Vol 69, No 3 (2018)
MARITIME MEDICINE Review articles
Submitted: 2018-04-25
Accepted: 2018-09-05
Published online: 2018-09-27
Get Citation

Infectious diseases affecting occupational divers: review of 2017 literature

Richard Pougnet12, Laurence Pougnet123, Anne Henckes1, Ingrid Allio13, David Lucas1, Jean-Dominique Dewitte12, Brice Loddé12
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2018.0028
·
Pubmed: 30270418
·
International Maritime Health 2018;69(3):176-180.
Affiliations
  1. ORPHY Laboratory, University Brest, Brest, France
  2. French Society for Maritime Medicine, Brest, France
  3. French Navy

open access

Vol 69, No 3 (2018)
MARITIME MEDICINE Review articles
Submitted: 2018-04-25
Accepted: 2018-09-05
Published online: 2018-09-27

Abstract

Background: Occupational divers are prone to many health risks. For instance, they can get infections. We reviewed the infectious diseases in occupational divers.

Materials and methods: This is a literature review which went on up to 31.12.2017. The research was carried out on Medline and Scopus databases, in French and English languages.

Results: Fifteen papers report cases of infections in occupational divers. They are mainly skin infections, but also ear-nose-throat and ophthalmological infections.

Discussion and conclusions: According to data collected, infections among occupational divers are quite scarce. These diseases are not specific to the workplace, and are comparable with data on recreational diving. Prevention is mainly based on hygiene and equipment maintenance.

Abstract

Background: Occupational divers are prone to many health risks. For instance, they can get infections. We reviewed the infectious diseases in occupational divers.

Materials and methods: This is a literature review which went on up to 31.12.2017. The research was carried out on Medline and Scopus databases, in French and English languages.

Results: Fifteen papers report cases of infections in occupational divers. They are mainly skin infections, but also ear-nose-throat and ophthalmological infections.

Discussion and conclusions: According to data collected, infections among occupational divers are quite scarce. These diseases are not specific to the workplace, and are comparable with data on recreational diving. Prevention is mainly based on hygiene and equipment maintenance.

Get Citation

Keywords

Diving; Infectious Disease Medicine; Disease Outbreaks; Occupational Medicine

About this article
Title

Infectious diseases affecting occupational divers: review of 2017 literature

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 69, No 3 (2018)

Pages

176-180

Published online

2018-09-27

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2018.0028

Pubmed

30270418

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2018;69(3):176-180.

Keywords

Diving
Infectious Disease Medicine
Disease Outbreaks
Occupational Medicine

Authors

Richard Pougnet
Laurence Pougnet
Anne Henckes
Ingrid Allio
David Lucas
Jean-Dominique Dewitte
Brice Loddé

References (40)
  1. Christophe Dupuy et Mathieu Coulange. Histoire de la plongée et techniques actuelles. In Brice Loddé (ed), Traité de Médecine Maritime. Paris, Lavoisier. 2015.
  2. Mahon RT, Regis DP. Decompression and decompression sickness. Compr Physiol. 2014; 4(3): 1157–1175.
  3. Héritier F, Avanzi P, Nicod L. Poumons et plongée. [Lungs et diving]. Rev Med Suisse. 2014; 10(451): 2182–6, 2188.
  4. Lance RM, Bass CR. Underwater blast injury: a review of standards. Diving Hyperb Med. 2015; 45(3): 190–199.
  5. Uguen M, Pougnet R, Uguen A, et al. Dysbaric osteonecrosis among professional divers: a literature review. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2014; 41(6): 579–587.
  6. Uguen M, Pougnet R, Uguen A, et al. Dysbaric osteonecrosis in professional divers: two case reports. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2015; 42(4): 363–367.
  7. Byard RW. Commercial fishing industry deaths - forensic issues. J Forensic Leg Med. 2013; 20(3): 129–132.
  8. Clenney TL, Lassen LF. Recreational scuba diving injuries. Am Fam Physician. 1996; 53(5): 1761–1774.
  9. Pougnet R, Pougnet L, Allio I, et al. Maritime environment health risks related to pathogenic microorganisms in seawater. Int Marit Health. 2018; 69(1): 35–45.
  10. Benestad HB, Hersleth IB, Hardersen H, et al. Functional capacity of neutrophil granulocytes in deep-sea divers. Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1990; 50(1): 9–18.
  11. Brubakk AO, Ross JAS, Thom SR. Saturation diving; physiology and pathophysiology. Compr Physiol. 2014; 4(3): 1229–1272.
  12. Neubauer B, Tetzlaff K, Langfeldt N, et al. Occurrence of bacteria pathogenic to man in different types of diving apparatuses. Int Marit Health. 1999; 50(1-4): 29–37.
  13. Alcock SR. Acute otitis externa in divers working in the North Sea: a microbiological survey of seven saturation dives. J Hyg (Lond). 1977; 78(3): 395–409.
  14. Pougnet R, Allio I, Pougnet L. Prevention of infectious diseases in harbour divers: how environmental parameters can help. Int Marit Health. 2015; 66(3): 186–187.
  15. Ahlén C, Mandal LH, Iversen OJ. Identification of infectious Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains in an occupational saturation diving environment. Occup Environ Med. 1998; 55(7): 480–484.
  16. Ahlén C, Iversen OJ, Risberg J, et al. Diver's hand: a skin disorder common in occupational saturation diving. Occup Environ Med. 1998; 55(2): 141–143.
  17. Ahlen C, Mandal LH, Iversen OJ. An in-field demonstration of the true relationship between skin infections and their sources in occupational diving systems in the North Sea. Ann Occup Hyg. 2003; 47(3): 227–233.
  18. Bonin JP. Accidents dermatologiques et dermo-allergiques liés à la plongée et à la baignade. Le Concours Médical. 1998; 110(4): 241–250.
  19. Le Ma. Peau et plongée sous-marine. Nouv Dermatol. 1999; 18: 262–3.
  20. Schane W. Prevention of skin problems in saturation diving. Undersea Biomed Res. 1991; 18(3): 205–207.
  21. Ahlén C, Mandal LH, Iversen OJ. The impact of environmental Pseudomonas aeruginosa genotypes on skin infections in occupational saturation diving systems. Scand J Infect Dis. 2001; 33(6): 413–419.
  22. Ahlén C, Mandal LH, Johannessen LN, et al. Survival of infectious Pseudomonas aeruginosa genotypes in occupational saturation diving environment and the significance of these genotypes for recurrent skin infections. Am J Ind Med. 2000; 37(5): 493–500.
  23. Wang J, Barth S, Richardson M, et al. An outbreak of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus cutaneous infection in a saturation diving facility. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2003; 30(4): 277–284.
  24. Olsson DJ, Grant WD, Glick JM. Conjunctivitis outbreak among divers. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2008; 35(3): 169–174.
  25. Cobet AB, Dimmick RL. Tektite-I program: aerobiological aspects. Aerosp Med. 1970; 41(6): 617–620.
  26. Levine HB, Cobet AB. The tektite-I dive. Mycological aspects. Arch Environ Health. 1970; 20(4): 500–505.
  27. Chen SH, Chen RY, Xu XL, et al. Multilocus sequencing typing of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates and analysis of potential pathogenicity of typical genotype strains from occupational oxyhelium saturation divers. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2014; 41(2): 135–141.
  28. Revelli L, D'Alatri L, Scorpecci A, et al. ENT function in a 14-days guinness scuba dive. Int J Sports Med. 2012; 33(1): 31–35.
  29. García J, Monfort J, Blanch J, et al. [Osteomyelitis by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a submariner]. Med Clin (Barc). 2005; 124(20): 795–796.
  30. Robinet C, Guillou L, Galland FM, et al. Médecine et armées Peau et plongée. 1997; 25(8): 679–686.
  31. Chim H, Soo KH, Low E, et al. Severe acute respiratory syndrome in a naval diver. Military Medicine. 2006; 171(6): 491–493.
  32. Kroll RR, Grossman RF. Pulmonary blastomycosis in a professional diver: an occupational risk. Can Respir J. 2013; 20(5): 340–342.
  33. Pougnet R, Uguen M, Verdier G, et al. Predicted nine-year risk of diabetes among professional divers: a prospective study. Int Marit Health. 2015; 66(2): 87–92.
  34. Strutz J. [Otorhinolaryngologic disorders associated with diving]. HNO. 2008; 56(5): 499–504, 506.
  35. Azizi MH. Ear disorders in scuba divers. Int J Occup Environ Med. 2011; 2(1): 20–26.
  36. Skogstad M, Eriksen T, Skare Ø. A twelve-year longitudinal study of hearing thresholds among professional divers. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2009; 36(1): 25–31.
  37. Honner S, Kudela RM, Handler E. Bilateral mastoiditis from red tide exposure. J Emerg Med. 2012; 43(4): 663–366.
  38. Berianu F, Ginsburg W, Trigg S, et al. Destructive arthritis of the hand after diving. J Rheumatol. 2014; 41(12): 2486.
  39. Tsakris A, Psifidis A, Douboyas J. Complicated suppurative otitis media in a Greek diver due to a marine halophilic Vibrio sp. J Laryngol Otol. 1995; 109(11): 1082–1084.
  40. Bracaglia G, Ranno S, Mancinelli L, et al. A waterborn zoonotic helminthiase in an Italian diver: a case report of a cutaneous Sparganum infection and a review of European cases. Pathog Glob Health. 2015; 109(8): 383–386.

Regulations

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl