open access

Vol 64, No 2 (2013)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2013-05-23
Submitted: 2013-05-23
Accepted: 2013-05-23
Get Citation

A new model for understanding teamwork onboard: the shipmate model

Roar Espevik, Olav Kjellevold Olsen
International Maritime Health 2013;64(2):89-94.

open access

Vol 64, No 2 (2013)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2013-05-23
Submitted: 2013-05-23
Accepted: 2013-05-23

Abstract

The increasing complexity onboard a ship underline the importance of crews that are able to coordinateand cooperate with each other to facilitate task objectives through a shared understanding of resources (e.g. team members’ knowledge, skills and experience), the crew’s goals, and the constrains under whichthey work. Rotation of personnel through 24/7 shift-work schedules and replacements often put crews ina position of having little or no previous history as a team. Findings from 3 studies indicated that unfamiliarteams used less efficient coordination strategies which reduced efficiency and increased levels of stress insituations where team members where experts on task, distributed or unknown to task and environment.Implications for staffing, safety and training are discussed.

Abstract

The increasing complexity onboard a ship underline the importance of crews that are able to coordinateand cooperate with each other to facilitate task objectives through a shared understanding of resources (e.g. team members’ knowledge, skills and experience), the crew’s goals, and the constrains under whichthey work. Rotation of personnel through 24/7 shift-work schedules and replacements often put crews ina position of having little or no previous history as a team. Findings from 3 studies indicated that unfamiliarteams used less efficient coordination strategies which reduced efficiency and increased levels of stress insituations where team members where experts on task, distributed or unknown to task and environment.Implications for staffing, safety and training are discussed.
Get Citation

Keywords

shared mental models, teamwork, distributed teamwork, adaptability

About this article
Title

A new model for understanding teamwork onboard: the shipmate model

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 64, No 2 (2013)

Pages

89-94

Published online

2013-05-23

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2013;64(2):89-94.

Keywords

shared mental models
teamwork
distributed teamwork
adaptability

Authors

Roar Espevik
Olav Kjellevold Olsen

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